Zaum


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Zaum’

 

(also zaumnyi iazyk, “trans-sense language”), a concept propounded by the theoreticians of Russian futurism in the early 1920’s. The term “zaum’” was introduced by the poet V. Khlebnikov, who sought to discover the general laws governing the direct interdependence of sound and sense. Proceeding from these laws he attempted to create a new poetic language unencumbered by the “everyday meaning of the word”—a language “beyond reason.”Zaum’ generally refers only to the poetic methods of the Russian futurists, notably V. Khlebnikov, A. Kruchenykh, and V. Kamenskii. For the linguists and poets associated with the journal LEF, the problem of zaum’ was connected with a totally different task—the objective of “linguistic technology,” or the conscious alteration of the literary language. For the futurists zaum’ was a kind of laboratory work for revealing the expressive possibilities of a word. The problem posed by Khlebnikov is on the whole insoluble: a word free of the “burden” of “everyday meanings” does not exist; poetry deals with words in their name-giving and communicative functions. The idea of “linguistic technology,” closely associated with the functional trends in linguistics, has remained on the level of general statements.

REFERENCES

Shklovskii, V. B. “O poezii i zaumnom iazyke.” In the collection Poetika. Petrograd, 1919.
Gofman, V. “lazykovoe novatorstvo Khlebnikova.” In his book Iazyk literatury. Leningrad, 1936.
Vinokur, G. “Futuristy-stroiteli iazyka.”LEF, 1923, no. 1.
Polivanov, E. D. “Obshchii foneticheskii printsip vsiakoi poeticheskoi tekhniki.”Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1963, no. 1.

A. A. LEONT’EV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
See FRANCIS FUKUYUMA, STATE-BUILDING: GOVERNANCE AND WORLD ORDER IN THE 21ST CENTURY 92 (2004); DOMINICK ZAUM, THE SOVEREIGNTY PARADOX: THE NORMS AND POLITICS OF INTERNATIONAL STATEBUILDING 27 (2007); Boon, supra note 137, at 299.
BUILDING THE RULE OF LAW AFTER MILITARY INTERVENTIONS (2006) (examining the difficulties of creating a rule of law in post-conflict societies and offering insights into how policy-makers can improve future rule of law efforts); DOMINIK ZAUM, THE SOVEREIGNTY PARADOX: THE NORMS AND POLITICS OF INTERNATIONAL STATEBUILDING (2007) (examining the normative framework underlying international state-building efforts through case studies of international administrations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Timor-Leste); Thomas Carothers, The Rule of Law Revival, FOREIGN AFF.
ZAUM, supra note 47, at 232; see also Strohmeyer, Collapse, supra note 82, at 46 n.
Contractor name : BIETERGEMEINSCHAFT HEITKAMP/PRANGENBERG & ZAUM GMBH
See DOMINIK ZAUM, THE SOVEREIGNTY PARADOX 64 (2007) ("Major non-Western states such as China, Russia or India .
Fortna, supra note 26, at 365-71 (noting that the UNTAG in Namibia had difficulty achieving mission goals because it would not integrate existing domestic structures with its own administration); see also ZAUM, supra note 17, at 64-65 (noting that the U.
ZAUM, supra note 17, at 54 55 (noting that the Cold War era international administrations "were established to ease transition from colonial rule to self-governance" and "were all deployed with the consent of the affected states, or the states that controlled the territory").
See ZAUM, supra note 17, at 55 (noting that Cold War era international administrations "were all deployed with the consent of the affected states, or the states that controlled the territory").
ZAUM, supra note 17, at 61 ("[T]he UN Security Council can assert authority over a territory under Chapter VII and delegate this authority to a transitional administration," which "has been understood to include the right to assume the governance of a specific territory under Article 41 of the Charter.
Once the separation of the blood components was completed, the plasma or serum of each sample was transferred to the Clinical Research Development Centre at the ZaUMS and was stored at -70degC until the procedure was performed.