Zacatecas


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Zacatecas,

city (1990 pop. 100,051), capital of ZacatecasZacatecas
, state (1990 pop. 1,276,329), 28,125 sq mi (72,844 sq km), N central Mexico. Zacatecas is the capital. Lying on the central plateau, Zacatecas is a state of semiarid plains and mountains.
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 state, N central Mexico. With an altitude of more than 8,000 ft (2,438 m), it is situated in a deep ravine surrounded by arid hills. The climate is temperate. The city is characterized by colonial buildings and narrow, winding, steep cobbled streets, frequently broken by stone steps. Zacatecas is a distribution center for the mining country as well as the commercial center for the region. Founded in 1548, the strategically located city was a key point in the Mexican wars and revolutions of the 19th and early 20th cent. Its cathedral was heavily pillaged during these struggles.

Zacatecas

(säkätā`käs), state (1990 pop. 1,276,329), 28,125 sq mi (72,844 sq km), N central Mexico. ZacatecasZacatecas,
city (1990 pop. 100,051), capital of Zacatecas state, N central Mexico. With an altitude of more than 8,000 ft (2,438 m), it is situated in a deep ravine surrounded by arid hills. The climate is temperate.
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 is the capital. Lying on the central plateau, Zacatecas is a state of semiarid plains and mountains. The Sierra Madre Occidental dominates the western half, and a transverse spur (often over 10,000 ft/3,048 m high) of the same range, crossing the state from west to east, divides it. Rainfall is light and vegetation scanty. The absence of large rivers to support irrigation has limited agriculture. Cattle raising is a major activity, but the greatest industry is mining. With gold, silver, mercury, copper, iron, zinc, lead, bismuth, antimony, and salt, Zacatecas is one of Mexico's largest producers of mineral wealth. Low mineral prices, however, have led to the closure of many mines. In recent years there has been a significant outmigration from the state to the United States. After the territory, which under the Spanish also included AguascalientesAguascalientes
[Span.,=hot waters], state (1990 pop. 719,659), 2,007 sq mi (5,200 sq km), central Mexico, on the Anáhuac plateau. Aguascalientes is the capital. Cattle are raised on the wide plains and in the foothills; alfalfa, corn, wheat, chilies, and peaches are
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, was explored in 1530, it was initially not colonized, and it became a refuge for the indigenous peoples defeated in the Mixtón WarMixtón War
, 1541, revolt of indigenous peoples against Spanish rule in Nueva Galicia, W Mexico. The conquest under Nuño de Guzmán had been particularly harsh and the encomienda system established obvious injustice.
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. Their continued resistance led to a 1546 expedition from Nueva Galicia to suppress them. The discovery of silver shortly afterward caused a silver rush that all but depopulated Nueva Galicia. Zacatecas is known for its numerous examples of baroque architecture.

Zacatecas

 

a state in Mexico, in the central part of the Meseta Central. Area, 75,000 sq km. Population, 951,500 (1970). The capital is the city of Zacatecas. The state’s population is engaged in small-scale dry farming, mainly the cultivation of corn and beans, and in gathering the fiber from lechuguilla, a local wild plant. Livestock, which is destined to supply the Mexico City area, is pastured in the state. Complex ores are also mined. The nonferrous metallurgy industry is centered at Fresnillo, Mazapil, and Concepción del Oro. Other industries include the production of textiles and food.


Zacatecas

 

a city in northern Mexico, capital of Zacatecas State. Population, 41,000 (1969). Zacatecas has a railroad station. It is the center of an old mining region, where lead, zinc, and silver are extracted. The city has nonferrous metallurgy and a textile industry, primarily for the processing of local coarse-fibered plants. Woolen items are hand-produced. Zacatecas was founded in 1548.

Zacatecas

1. a state of N central Mexico, on the central plateau: rich mineral resources. Capital: Zacatecas. Pop.: 1 351 207 (2000). Area: 75 040 sq. km (28 973 sq. miles)
2. a city in N central Mexico, capital of Zacatecas state: silver mines. Pop.: 241 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mexico: Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas-Gobierno del Estado de Zacatecas-Ayuntamiento de Zacatecas.
El INIFAP a traves de sus investigadores en los Campos Experimentales Pabellon en Aguascalientes y Zacatecas ha realizado en este ultimo, distintos trabajos encaminados a lograr un manejo eficiente de las enfermedades que afectan al cultivo.
En las postrimerias del Siglo de las luces, la atmosfera cultural que se construyo en Zacatecas adquirio un caracter inedito.
Abstract: Total commercial aperture, foreseen in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) for 2008, may have some impact on agriculture and rural employment in Zacatecas, particularly in bean production, since the state is the main national producer.
Los productos agricolas y pecuarios provenientes del exterior llegan a la entidad a bajos precios, y la politica economica hacia el sector anunciada por el gobierno central para disminuir los efectos de la apertura, o bien ha sido limitada o bien ha estado ausente (en la practica) para estados como Zacatecas.
All of the properties host old mines and/or known silver-gold veins that were underexplored by modern methods and are being acquired for their near-term mine exploration and development potential, given their proximity to Endeavours El Compas Mine and La Plata plant, also located in the Zacatecas district.
Target: 75 hectare Calicanto Project in the State of Zacatecas
Genaro Borrego ha escrito un opusculo tan notable como inusual en la tradicion politica de Mexico: unas memorias de su vida publica bajo la forma de una carta de amor al hogar de sus ancestros, al antiguo estado que alguna vez goberno, a la noble y generosa tierra de Zacatecas.
Jose Antonio Salas Padilla y Pablo Hernandez Rodriguez, de la comunidad rural de San Ramon, municipio de Guadalupe, Zacatecas, de ocupacion agricultores, le exponemos lo siguiente, apelando al derecho de peticion:
La eleccion de Zacatecas es particularmente interesante, ya que nos muestra caracteristicas que observaremos para la eleccion presidencial de 2018: un PRI con un candidato debil que convence poco; un candidato de Morena competitivo; un candidato del PAN-PRD lastimado por la division del partido al que pertenece y la contraoperacion interna; el PT compite solo; dos candidatos independientes y un candidato que representa a un partido politico de reciente creacion (Encuentro Social), vocalista de la Banda Jerez, que de acuerdo con la ultima encuesta registra un crecimiento importante.
Penasquito mine in Zacatecas and Los Filos Mine in Guerrero are the main gold producing mines in Mexico.