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Zacatecas(säkätā`käs), state (1990 pop. 1,276,329), 28,125 sq mi (72,844 sq km), N central Mexico. ZacatecasZacatecas,
city (1990 pop. 100,051), capital of Zacatecas state, N central Mexico. With an altitude of more than 8,000 ft (2,438 m), it is situated in a deep ravine surrounded by arid hills. The climate is temperate.
..... Click the link for more information. is the capital. Lying on the central plateau, Zacatecas is a state of semiarid plains and mountains. The Sierra Madre Occidental dominates the western half, and a transverse spur (often over 10,000 ft/3,048 m high) of the same range, crossing the state from west to east, divides it. Rainfall is light and vegetation scanty. The absence of large rivers to support irrigation has limited agriculture. Cattle raising is a major activity, but the greatest industry is mining. With gold, silver, mercury, copper, iron, zinc, lead, bismuth, antimony, and salt, Zacatecas is one of Mexico's largest producers of mineral wealth. Low mineral prices, however, have led to the closure of many mines. In recent years there has been a significant outmigration from the state to the United States. After the territory, which under the Spanish also included AguascalientesAguascalientes
[Span.,=hot waters], state (1990 pop. 719,659), 2,007 sq mi (5,200 sq km), central Mexico, on the Anáhuac plateau. Aguascalientes is the capital. Cattle are raised on the wide plains and in the foothills; alfalfa, corn, wheat, chilies, and peaches are
..... Click the link for more information. , was explored in 1530, it was initially not colonized, and it became a refuge for the indigenous peoples defeated in the Mixtón WarMixtón War
, 1541, revolt of indigenous peoples against Spanish rule in Nueva Galicia, W Mexico. The conquest under Nuño de Guzmán had been particularly harsh and the encomienda system established obvious injustice.
..... Click the link for more information. . Their continued resistance led to a 1546 expedition from Nueva Galicia to suppress them. The discovery of silver shortly afterward caused a silver rush that all but depopulated Nueva Galicia. Zacatecas is known for its numerous examples of baroque architecture.
Zacatecas,city (1990 pop. 100,051), capital of ZacatecasZacatecas
, state (1990 pop. 1,276,329), 28,125 sq mi (72,844 sq km), N central Mexico. Zacatecas is the capital. Lying on the central plateau, Zacatecas is a state of semiarid plains and mountains.
..... Click the link for more information. state, N central Mexico. With an altitude of more than 8,000 ft (2,438 m), it is situated in a deep ravine surrounded by arid hills. The climate is temperate. The city is characterized by colonial buildings and narrow, winding, steep cobbled streets, frequently broken by stone steps. Zacatecas is a distribution center for the mining country as well as the commercial center for the region. Founded in 1548, the strategically located city was a key point in the Mexican wars and revolutions of the 19th and early 20th cent. Its cathedral was heavily pillaged during these struggles.
a state in Mexico, in the central part of the Meseta Central. Area, 75,000 sq km. Population, 951,500 (1970). The capital is the city of Zacatecas. The state’s population is engaged in small-scale dry farming, mainly the cultivation of corn and beans, and in gathering the fiber from lechuguilla, a local wild plant. Livestock, which is destined to supply the Mexico City area, is pastured in the state. Complex ores are also mined. The nonferrous metallurgy industry is centered at Fresnillo, Mazapil, and Concepción del Oro. Other industries include the production of textiles and food.
a city in northern Mexico, capital of Zacatecas State. Population, 41,000 (1969). Zacatecas has a railroad station. It is the center of an old mining region, where lead, zinc, and silver are extracted. The city has nonferrous metallurgy and a textile industry, primarily for the processing of local coarse-fibered plants. Woolen items are hand-produced. Zacatecas was founded in 1548.