Born Jan. 14, 1818, in Kuddnäs; died Mar. 12, 1898, in Helsinki. Finnish writer. Member of the Swedish Academy. Wrote in Swedish.
Topelius was a professor at the University of Helsinki from 1854 to 1878 and was the rector of the university from 1875 to 1878. His works include The History of Finland in Drawings (1845–52) and collections of romantic verse, such as Heath Blossoms (vols. 1–3, 1845–54), New Leaves (1870), and Heath (1889). Topelius also published books for young people, such as The Field Surgeon’s Stories (five cycles, 1853–67), which are romanticized accounts of the history of Sweden and Finland; The Book of Nature (1856); The Book of Our Country (1875); two series of historical stories under the title Winter Evenings (1880–97); and Tales (fases. 1–4, 1847–52).
WORKSSamlade skrifter, parts 1, 3–7, 9–14, 18–20, 23, 24. Helsinki [1899–1905].
Konstnärsbrev, parts 1–2. Helsinki-Copenhagen, 1956–60.
Topelius Zachris 120 dikter. Helsinki .
In Russian translation:
Skazki. Petrozavodsk, 1947.
REFERENCESBraude, L. Iu. Skazochniki Skandinavii. Leningrad, 1974.
Lagerlöf, S. Zachris Topelius. Stockholm, 1920.
Nyberg, P. B. Z. Topelius Elämäkerrallinen kuvaus, parts 1–2. Porvoo-Helsinki, 1950.
Rancken, G. Zachris Topeliuksen kuvakielestä ja faabeleista. Tampere, 1968.
L. IU. BRAUDE