Sadducees

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Sadducees

(săj`o͝osēz, săd`yo͝o–), sect of Jews formed around the time of the Hasmonean revolt (c.200 B.C.). Little is known concerning their beliefs, but according to Josephus Flavius, they upheld only the authority of the written law, and not the oral tradition held by the Pharisees. They are believed to have had a small following, drawn primarily from the upper classes. Eventually, they reached an accommodation with the Pharisees, which allowed them to serve as priests in exchange for acceptance of Pharasitical rulings regarding the law. Their sect was centered on the cult of the Temple, and they ceased to exist after its destruction in A.D. 70.

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See bibliography under PhariseesPharisees
, one of the two great Jewish religious and political parties of the second commonwealth. Their opponents were the Sadducees, and it appears that the Sadducees gave them their name, perushim, Hebrew for "separatists" or "deviants.
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Sadducees

 

(in Greek, Saddukaioi; in Hebrew, tsedoqim, from Tzadoq [Zadok], a high priest in the tenth century B.C.), a religious and political current in Judea from the second century B.C. through the first century A.D.; it drew its support from the higher officialdom, rich merchants, and the priestly, landhold-ing, and military aristocracy.

The Sadducees captured the commanding positions in the temple hierarchy and in political life and became the political basis of the Hasmonean dynasty. They sharply diverged from the Pharisees on questions of dogma, rejecting the Oral Law elaborated by the Pharisees and not permitting any deviation from the letter of the Mosaic Written Law. Contrary to the Pharisees’ teaching about a transcendental god, the Sadducees had anthropomorphic conceptions of him and rejected the doctrines of predestination, physical resurrection, and the immortality of the soul. They taught that god did not interfere in human affairs and that man had a free will and could freely choose between good and evil. After the attacks launched by Herod I, the war against Rome of 66–73, and the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, the Sadducees disappeared from the historical scene.

I. D. AMUSIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Her published work includes Missing Priests: The Zadokites in Tradition and History (2006) and essays in works such as Approaching Yehud: New Approaches to the Study of the Persian Period (2007), Israel's Prophets and Israel's Past (2006), and Methods of Biblical Interpretation (2004).
Schaper assumes that those priests who remained in the land would have opposed the claims of the returning Zadokites.
The idea of social conflict between returnees and any other group must be rejected, as must the idea of rivalry between the returning Zadokites and the Levitical priests.
Absent are the Christian Jews of the time, the Gnostic Jews, the Essenes, the Zadokites.
In a forthcoming publication of other 4Q texts pertaining to the purification rite, I offer evidence that, aside from the controversy surrounding the (one who had bathed, but not waited for sundown), whom the Qumran Zadokites disqualified for sprinkling the water, there was another issue of a polemical nature.
The text here is very fragmentary, but probably concerns the Zadokite repudiation of the Pharisaic-rabbinic view exempting bones and hides from the impurity associated with carrion.