Zagros Mountains


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Zagros Mountains

 

a mountain system in Iran, to the southwest of the Iranian Plateau. The mountains are about 1,600 km long and 200-300 km wide; elevations of 2,000- 3,000 m predominate, with a maximum of 4,548 m (Zardeh Kuh). It is complex system of 15-20 parallel ridges running from the northwest to the southeast and separated by longitudinal and transversal canyon-like ravines (tangi) and hollows. The mountains are formed primarily of limestone and shale of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods; karst has developed. In the central section and to the southeast a pre-Mesozoic bed with large salt domes has been exposed. There are deposits of oil. The climate is dry and subtropical; mountain desert landscapes predominate. In the central belt of the western, wettest part of the Zagros there are forests and sparse stands of oak, elm, maple, and acacia; higher, there are alpine meadows and dwarfed shrubby vegetation.There are small glaciers. In the intermontane hollows there are salt marshes, lakes, and oases with date palms, citrus trees, and grapevines.

References in periodicals archive ?
It knows that it is separated from Bushehr by the Zagros Mountains (5,000 meters high) and that the reactor is located 1,600 kilometers away from its capital.
Not only were the Zagros Mountains of Iran and the Hajar Mountains of Oman formed due to this collision, but the rocky floor of the ocean further west was also lifted up several metres above the water level in the form of a sweeping dome.
THERE are under 1,000 Luristan newts left in the Zagros mountains of Iran.
After four days of freezing conditions high in the Zagros mountains this was the moment we had been waiting for; an opportunity to sit down around a gas heater, eat delicious kebabs with yoghurt and relax to the sound of an acoustic Kurdish guitar.
The American war plan at the time called for the Pentagon to march nearly six Army divisions north from the Persian Gulf to the Zagros Mountains of Iran to blunt a Soviet attack.
spent the summer of 1964 driving in an overheating Land Rover around the Zagros Mountains of Iran collecting pottery sherds.
From the Zagros Mountains to the Caspian shore and Persepolis to the holy city of Qom, he forges strong and lasting friendships with his Iranian travelling companions.
The main drivers of this variability, he says, are high spatio-temporal variability in climate; and spatially diverse soil, land use, and hydrogeological characteristics of the drainage area, most of which is part of the Zagros Mountains.
Alpine Garden Society - North East England group, talk, Springtime in the Caucasus and Zagros Mountains, by David Millward, St Mary's Church Hall, Thornhill Road, Ponteland, 7.
CENTRAL ZAGROS MOUNTAINS, IRAN **, Firoozeh Forouzan *
The Arabian and Eurasian plates collide in the Zagros Mountains of Iran, making the area prone to earthquakes, many of which have been devastating.
At the onset of spring, Iran's Qashghai and Khamseh tribes migrate hundreds of kilometres from their winter camps to greener pastures in the Zagros Mountains.