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(zə-kät`) [Arab.,=purification], Islamic religious tax, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. All adult Muslims of sound mind and body with a set level of income and assets are expected to pay zakat. Zakat is due yearly on certain types of property and is distributed to eight categories of individuals specified by the Qur'an. These categories are usually defined to include orphans, the poor, travelers, beggars, debtors, slaves, and the efforts to propagate Islam. Zakat is payable, at different rates, on crops, harvests, herds, gold and silver, and merchandise. For gold and silver, which is understood to include all liquid assets, the rate is 2.5%. Being religiously prescribed, zakat is distinct from charity (sadaqa) which is voluntary. Zakat is essentially a personal exercise with no intermediary control, and could be given directly to its recipients, although a central treasury often collects it. In recent times, Pakistan, Sudan, and Saudi Arabia have enacted legislation to enforce the zakat.



(Arabic, ‘‘purification”), a religious “purifying tax” among the Muslims; it is prescribed in the Koran and its size and the rules concerning its use are discussed in the sharia. The zakat was designed for the maintenance of Muhammad and his family and for aid to the poor, travelers, and the participants in the “holy wars1’(jihad). In the feudal Muslim state, the zakat was levied (only from Muslims) on cattle, handicrafts, trade profits, personal money, and precious stones and jewels. Today, the zakat is a voluntary contribution to the Muslim clergy.

References in periodicals archive ?
The final sequence focuses on Al Baghdadi's images associated with the promise of purifying the earth and with the elicitation of the main principles of the sharia, the return of the head (beheading), the zakah, the jizya (tax required from non-Muslim people), and, most important, the return to the gold dinar "as the Khilafah surges in the financial sphere.
Translating zakah as alms will not confirm the distinction between zakah as an obligatory act of worship and sadaqah as a voluntary act of giving alms.
Bello, Dogarawa Ahmad (2009) Poverty Alleviation through Zakah and Waqf Institutions: A Case for the Muslim Ummah in Ghana.
Because of the different distribution and because zakah is worship.
one's neighbor as oneself, or the Islamic injunction of Zakah, or
On the other hand, the second type includes acts of worship involving monetary obligations, like zakah.
In the West Bank, the contribution of the assistants (Governmental, non -governmental, Zakah, relative family and other) declined from 7% in 2011 to 3% in 2012, while it was in Gaza Strip 7% in 2012 compared with 14% in 2011.
He also calls for a rethinking of the system of zakah (a system of wealth transfer from the rich to the needy and one of the five pillars of Islam).
com)-- The son of the Raka Diavol King, Zakah Sange was born into a world of dark magick.
Question: What are the meanings of Hajj, Zakah, Ramadan and Salah?
Interestingly, Saif Ahmed stated, "many Islamic finance concepts can be introduced in India right now by being innovative and without changing any laws," and went on to discuss some of the Islamic finance initiatives that Infinity is presently working on including Islamic microfinance based on profit and loss sharing, enabling charitable Zakah funds-based skills development for those below the poverty line, and an interest-free version of a chit fund company or ROSCA (Rotating Savings and Credit Association) that enables members to simultaneously save and borrow.
Islam has set the institution of charity that is Zakah, obligatory and binding upon all those who embrace the faith; it has been made into an institution in order to give in permanence and regularity.