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Zaleucus(zəlo͞o`kəs), fl. c.650 B.C., Greek lawgiver of Locris, in Italy. According to tradition, his was the earliest codification of Greek law. References to Zaleucus' code, which was widely adopted in Italy, indicate that it embodied the lex talionis [law of retaliation, i.e., an eye for an eye] and other severe features exemplified in the later Greek code of DracoDraco
, fl. 621 B.C., Athenian politician and law codifier. Of his codification of Athenian customary law only the section dealing with involuntary homicide is preserved.
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