Zama


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Zama

(zā`mə), ancient town near the northern coast of Africa, in present Tunisia. Although there was more than one town named Zama, tradition says that in 202 B.C. Scipio Africanus Major defeated Hannibal there in the decisive and final battle of the Second Punic War (see Punic WarsPunic Wars,
three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean.
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). There is good reason for believing the actual battle was fought at some nearby place.

Zama

 

an ancient city in North Africa (120 km southwest of Carthage in the region of modern El Kef), near which the Roman army of Scipio Africanus destroyed the Carthaginian army led by Hannibal on Oct. 19, 202 B.C. Both armies numbered 35,000–40,000 men. The defection of the eastern Numidian King Masinissa to the Roman side before the battle played a decisive role in the victory: this gave the Romans an overwhelming superiority in cavalry forces, which after destroying the Carthaginian cavalry struck a blow in the rear of the Carthaginian main forces. The battle of Zama decided the Second Punic War in Rome’s favor.

Zama

the name of several ancient cities in N Africa, including the one near the site of Scipio's decisive defeat of Hannibal (202 bc)
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