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Zamboanga(sām'bōäng`gä), city (1990 pop. 442,345), Zamboanga del Sur prov., SW Mindanao, the Philippines, at the tip of the Zamboanga peninsula, on Basilan Strait. One of the chief cities of MindanaoMindanao
, island (1990 pop. 13,535,738), 36,537 sq mi (94,631 sq km), second largest of the Philippine islands, NE of Borneo. About one fifth of the island's population is Muslim (see Moros).
..... Click the link for more information. and a busy seaport, it is the hub of a major iron-producing and lumbering area, which has large-scale rubber cultivation, plywood mills, and resin plants. The city is situated at the foot of high mountains. Although it is in a mostly Muslim area (see MorosMoros
[Span.,=Moors], group of Muslim natives, numbering about 3.8 million, of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, and Palawan in the Philippines and of Borneo, who were converted in the great missionary extension of Islam from India in the 15th and 16th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. ), the city is predominantly Christian. Points of interest include a 16th-century Spanish fort and the mosque at Talangkusay, a famous Moro ceremonial center. The city has at times been the scene of fighting between Muslim Moro rebels and government forces.
a city and port in the Philippines, in the southwest of the island of Mindanao; administrative center of Zamboanga del Sur Province. Population, 188,000 (1970). Zamboanga is a center for the sawmill and wood-products industry and has food and clothing enterprises. Agricultural products (copra, coconut, and abaca fiber) and timber are exported. Zamboanga was founded in 1635 as a Spanish fort.