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Zanesville,city (1990 pop. 26,778), seat of Muskingum co., central Ohio, on the Muskingum River at its junction with the Licking River; inc. 1815. It is a trade and industrial center that manufactures metal products, machinery, glassware, and electrical equipment. The area has deposits of clay, oil, natural gas, sand, limestone, and iron ore. The rivers there, which are spanned by a notable "Y" bridge, are connected to the Ohio by 10 hand-operated locks and a 1-mi-long (1.6-km) canal.
The site was selected by Ebenezer ZaneZane, Ebenezer,
1747–1811, American pioneer and land speculator, b. near what is now Moorefield, W.Va. (then Virginia). With his brothers Silas and Jonathan, he went west in 1769 and established the settlement at Wheeling, of which he became the leader.
..... Click the link for more information. , surveyor of Zane's Trace, the gateway to the Northwest TerritoryNorthwest Territory,
first possession of the United States, comprising the region known as the Old Northwest, S and W of the Great Lakes, NW of the Ohio River, and E of the Mississippi River, including the present states of Ohio, Ind., Ill., Mich., Wis., and part of Minn.
..... Click the link for more information. . A two-year interval as state capital (1810–12) and the city's location on waterways and the National RoadNational Road,
U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St.
..... Click the link for more information. spurred its growth. An art institute and a campus of Ohio Univ. are in the city. Of interest are the National Road–Zane Grey museum, several early homes of Federal design, and the nearby Ohio Ceramic Center. A state park is at Dillon Reservoir to the northwest.