Zaraisk

Zaraisk

 

a city in Moscow Oblast, RSFSR, located on the Osetr River, a tributary of the Oka, 164 km to the southeast of Moscow. Zaraisk is the terminal station of a railroad branch 27 km from the Lukhovitsa station on the Moscow-Riazan’ line. Population, 24,000 (1970). Zaraisk is an important center for light industry, such as textiles (the Krasnyi Vostok Plant), feather goods, and footwear; it also has machine, auto-repair, and building-materials plants. A pedagogical school and a museum of local lore and history are located here.

In the early 13th century the settlement Krasnyi arose here and by the end of the century came to be known as Zaraisk. In 1541, 1570, and 1573, Zaraisk was invaded by the Tatars. Beginning in 1778 it was a district center. In 1531 at the command of Vasilii III a rectangular stone kremlin (134 m × 190 m) was built, surrounded by walls with many-sided towers; there is a 17th-century cathedral here. Zaraisk has other churches and civic buildings, dating back to the 17th through 19th centuries.

REFERENCE

Zaraisk. Moscow, 1971.
References in classic literature ?
I've known this peasant, Nikolay Dementyev, from a child; he comes from the same province and district of Zaraisk, we are both Ryazan men.
Nicolas of Zaraisk icon has a glowing, jewel-like quality with the characteristic palette of extraordinary bright colors representative of Suzdal icons.
Households Belev 1718 4110 841 Borovsk 1719 2399 335 Maloiaroslavets 1715 976 156 Riazan' 1718 1589 220 Toropets 1710 3674 839 Tula 1715 5309 916 Tula 1720 3022 502 Uglich 1717 5089 877 Ustiuzhna 1713 2277 417 Viatka 1710 4368 724 Viatka 1717 2387 394 Zaraisk 1715 2980 498 TOTALS 38180 6719 SOURCE: Population inventories (see fn.
Table 5 Occupants of Poor Households by Sex, Early Eighteenth-Century Russian Towns Town Male Female Belev 20 22 Borovsk 100 130 Maloiaroslavets 5 16 Riazan' 89 81 Toropets 217 230 Tula 1715 204 273 Tula 1720 72 87 Uglich 642 802 Ustiuzhna 171 196 Viatka 1710 187 298 Viatka 1717 87 92 Zaraisk 40 48 TOTALS 1834 2275 (55.
In Borovsk and Zaraisk widows headed nearly half the poor households.
The main crops are located in Zaraisk, Serebryano-Prudsk and Lukhovitsky districts, "Andrei Razin added.