Zemshchina

Zemshchina

 

the basic part of the territory of the Russian state (with its center in Moscow) not included by Ivan IV in the special appanage of the sovereign, the oprichnina. It included the cities of the Perm’ and Viatka regions and Riazan’, Starodub, Velikie Luki, and other cities; the richer and more important cities and districts were included in the oprichnina. Some parts of the zemshchina, like Kostroma District, the Obonezhskaia and Bezhetskaia piatiny (regions of the Novgorod Land), and the commercial section (Torgovaia Storona) of Novgorod, were transferred to the oprichnina and then returned to the zemshchina. In a single district, oprichnina and zemshchina lands were usually intermingled. Similarly, there were special oprichnina streets in Moscow, and Novgorod was divided in half. Many landlords that Ivan IV did not want to include in his special court were forcibly driven out of the oprichnina and resettled on zemshchina lands. The zemshchina was governed by a duma of its boyars and by the ancient territorial departments (prikazy) and had its own military units.

References in periodicals archive ?
The former stayed on Chudentsov Street at the court of Vasilii Shakhanskii, an oprichnina boyar, while the latter stayed on Nikitin Street at the court of zemshchina servitor Dmitrii Kasil'nikov syn Ludoshin, evidence that residential segregation matched the institutional distinction between members of the oprichnina and members of the "land," even on a joint mission.
22) Territories outside the oprichnina belonged to the "land" (noun zemlia, adjective zemskie), also called the zemshchina.
Oprichnina--the part of Russian territory ruled by Ivan IV as his exclusive domain with the aid of oprichniki--his (elite) servants who very soon terrorized the zemshchina (other parts of the country) and its people in 1565-1572.
note that the Tsar and the boyars had ordered "making" a fortress in Toolse at the "Tallinn road", and appointed voivodes--the zemshchina boyar Ivan Petrovich Yakovlev-Zakharjin and the oprichnina okolnichi Vasili Ivanovich Umnoi-Kolychev--to guard it.
The second half of Ivan's reign saw the devastating division of the country into a subordinate land, called the Zemshchina, and a predatory, dominant inner circle of chosen men, called the Oprichnina.
The rest of the country, called the Zemshchina, was ostensibly ruled by a prince appointed by Ivan, although the puppet ruler's power was slight.
bibliotek Schneersona i Gintsburga), khraniashchikhsia v fondakh GBL', Zemshchina, 1991, no.
Russia was living the oprichnina-period, during which the Tsar who had subjected half of the state to his direct despotic rule, had his henchmen (of mostly Tatar and Northern Caucasian descent) terrorise and plunder the so-called zemshchina regions.
The emergence of right-wing organizations and the publication of conservative newspapers such as Zemshchina, Russkoe delo, Pakhar', Russkoe znamia, and Russkaia zemlia helped diffuse these racist images and representations to the public.
The remaining segment, the zemshchina, was to be governed by the hereditary aristocrats.