In November 1928 it was reported that the Fengtian-based Culture Society of the Northeast headed by Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001), the young ruler of Manchuria, planned to publish a reprint of the Wensu Library copy and offer the reprint copies to Chinese academic libraries.
Zhang Xueliang fa gei Tianjin Tushu Guan de yi fen dian bao [A telegram to Tianjin Library sent from Zhang Xueliang].
The warlord concerned, Zhang Xueliang (pronounced 'Jarng Syeew-eh-liang'), certainly saw plenty of battles and intrigues in his time.
Zhang Xueliang was born in 1901, but it was his father, Zhang Zuolin, who came to prominence first.
Zhang Zuoxiang held off Yang's intrigues until Zhang Xueliang could make his way to Mukden and take over as regional hegemon.
Meanwhile, Zhang Xueliang took over a region which was in deep trouble.
A fascinating part of Mitter's reconstruction reveals the political constraints faced by Zhang Xueliang
(1901-2001), who was the region's most powerful militarist from 1928 to 1931.
In 1936, Chiang, Mao and, Manchurian warlord, Zhang Xueliang
(known as the young marshal) began talks aimed at making common cause to end Japanese colonisation of China.
Perhaps the "Lin Biao incident," like the Guangxu emperor's death just days before the Empress Dowager Cixi's death in 1908 or the role of General Zhang Xueliang
in the Xian Incident of late 1936, will remain one of the great unsolved mysteries of twentieth-century Chinese history.
Despite popular pressure to go to war, Zhang Xueliang, deputy commander of the National Army and commander-in-chief of the Northeast Army, obeyed the government and refused to deploy his troops against the invaders, becoming, as a result, the object of popular condemnation.
One of its chief supporters was Zhang Xueliang who, despite his obedience to the government, privately supported resistance.
They won the support, amongst others, of Li Du who helped arrange negotiations with Zhang Xueliang, although Zhang was in charge of operations against the Communist base in Yan'an.