Zhao Ziyang


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Related to Zhao Ziyang: Zhu Rongji, Hu Yaobang, Hua Guofeng, Li Peng

Zhao Ziyang

or

Chao Tzu-yang

(both: zhou zēyäng), 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and by the 1960s was party secretary of Guangdong prov. Persecuted during the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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, he held a variety of party posts after 1971, and was known for reviving agricultural and industrial production in Sichuan prov. A member of the Communist party Central Committee from 1973, he became premier in 1980 and joined the Standing Committee of the Politburo in 1982. Named general secretary of the party in 1987, he persisted in advocating economic reforms and an open foreign policy. Li PengLi Peng
, 1928–, Chinese Communist leader, premier of China (1988–98), b. Chengdu, Sichuan prov., China. Orphaned at age three when his father was executed by the Kuomintang, Li became the adopted son of Zhou Enlai.
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 succeeded Zhao as premier in 1987. Opposing a policy of repression, Zhao called for dialogue with the students demonstrating in Tiananmen SquareTiananmen Square,
large public square in Beijing, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of
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. Consequently, he was ousted from all posts on June 23, was placed under house arrest until Oct., 1989, and subsequently had his movements and visitors severely restricted until his death. Nonetheless, the economic reforms he promoted were ultimately adopted and led to sustained growth and development in China.

Bibliography

See his memoir, Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Premier Zhao Ziyang (2009, tr. and ed. by B. Pu et al.).

References in periodicals archive ?
Yet Deng invented the title "core," bestowing it on Jiang Zemin, whom he chose as the party leader after the tumult of the Tiananmen Square crackdown in 1989 and the downfall of General Secretary Zhao Ziyang, who had sympathized with protesting students.
It is expected that Ren, daughter-in-law of former Chinese premier, Zhao Ziyang, could attract lucrative deals for the bank.
Journal: Turning now to pro-reform figures in the Communist Party, Premier Wen Jiabao accompanied then-general secretary Zhao Ziyang to meet with protesters in Tiananmen Square in 1989, but he did not suffer the same political fall from grace as Zhao.
Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Premier Zhao Ziyang
El presidente del pais y secretario general del Partido Comunista, Hu Jintao --sucesor de Chen Duxiu (1921-1927), Mao Tse-tung (1943-1976); Hu Yaobang (1980-1987), Zhao Ziyang (1987-1989) y Jiang Zemin (1989-2000)--, dijo: "Mirando hacia atras al progreso que ha experimentado China en estos 90 anos, podemos llegar a una conclusion fundamental: que la clave para dirigir de forma adecuada los asuntos de China reside en el partido", en la solemne ceremonia desarrollada en el Gran Palacio del Pueblo.
Pei is supported by an unlikely source: Zhao Ziyang, the reformist premier who was deposed during the Tiananmen crisis in 1989.
Wen survived the ousting of his reformist boss Zhao Ziyang after a pro-democracy movement was crushed in 1989, and has stood out as theofficial most forthright about the long-sensitive issues of political reform.
AN agreement to return Hong Kong to China was signed this day in 1984 between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her Chinese counterpart Zhao Ziyang.
5) On 17 May 1989, then General Secretary of the CCP, Zhao Ziyang, went to Tiananmen Square, ground zero of the protest.
Zhao Ziyang was the General Secretary of China's Communist Party for the two years preceding the Tiananmen Square massacre on June 4, 1989, and had previously been in charge of China's economic development as Premier.
The secretly recorded memoirs of Zhao Ziyang, the former Chinese communist leader, are to be published in English and Chinese this month, just before the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre which took place on the 3 to 4 June 1989.