Zhejiang


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Zhejiang

(jŭ`jyäng`) or

Chekiang

(chĕ`kyăng`), province (2010 pop. 54,426,891), c.40,000 sq mi (103,600 sq km), SE China, on the East China Sea. The capital is HangzhouHangzhou
or Hangchow
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,184,300), capital of Zhejiang prov., E China. It is on the Fuchun River at the head of Hangzhou Bay and handles river traffic through its port. It is also a rail hub with important links to Shanghai.
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. The province includes many islands, notably the Zhoushan ArchipelagoZhoushan Archipelago
, NE Zhejiang prov., China, in the East China Sea, at the entrance to Hangzhou Bay. It includes the main island of Zhoushan and about 100 lesser islands; Dinghai on Zhoushan is the major population center.
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. Known for its beauty, Zhejiang is one of China's most affluent and most densely populated provinces. It is part of the Shanghai special economic zone, and two of its cities, Ningbo and Wenzhou, have been designated "open" cities in order to attract foreign investment. Except for the level area in the north, which is part of the Chang delta region, Zhejiang is mountainous, with only a few breaks to the heavily indented coast, chiefly at Ningbo and Wenzhou. The province is drained by numerous rivers, including the Fuchun (the main river), the Wu, and the Ling. Over one third of the area is forested; pine and bamboo predominate. Most of Zhejiang has a wet climate, with a long frost-free period and high summer temperatures. Rice is the leading food crop and tea the major industrial crop. The plains north of Hangzhou receive less precipitation and have high cotton, wheat, and hemp production; most of the cotton is woven in Shanghai, although there are textile mills in Hangzhou. Rapeseed, corn, and sweet potatoes are also grown. There are tung and mulberry trees; Zhejiang is the the country's second leading silk-producing province. Fishing is extensive, with motorized junks now in use; the Zhoushan island area is one of the richest fishing grounds in China. The province also has a developing aquaculture industry. Machinery and agricultural tools are manufactured at Hangzhou, and tractors, electronics, and petrochemicals are manufactured at Ningbo. Coal and fluorspar are mined in the province. Zhejiang is served by the Shanghai-Hangzhou-Nanchang RR, which has a branch to Ningbo. Zhejiang, part of the kingdom of Wu, passed into the Chinese orbit in the 3d cent. B.C. It flourished in the 12th and 13th cent. as the center of the Southern Sung dynasty. Originally called Yueh for its local tribes, Zhejiang received its present name (which is the ancient name of the Fuchun River) in the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). It passed to Manchu control in 1645. Zhejiang was devastated in the Taiping Rebellion (1850–65), was partly occupied by the Japanese in the Second Sino-Japanese War, and fell to the Communists in 1949. Tianmu Mt. is a tourist and pilgrimage center, with many temples. Zhejiang Univ. is in Hangzhou.

Zhejiang

, Chekiang
a province of E China: mountainous and densely populated; a cultural centre since the 12th century. Capital: Hangzhou. Pop.: 46 800 000 (2003 est.). Area: 102 000 sq. km (39 780 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Liu Qihong, chairman of Zhejiang Loong Airlines, said, Today is a special day for Zhejiang Loong Airlines as we start passenger operation and order 20 Airbus A320 family aircraft, which demonstrates our ambition to contribute to the economic and social development of Zhejiang province by providing efficient transportation.
For the last 10 years, ECI has worked with Zhejiang Unicom, installing over 10,000 optical elements.
Responding to this, China's central government has urged wide financial reforms in Zhejiang to help the businesses, including installing more controlled channels for private capital to move into the financial industry, and fulfilling the funding needs of the companies.
The opening of Zhejiang Branch enables us to offer our world-class products and services to more corporate and individual customers.
He apprised the Prime Minister about the economic stability of Zhejiang province, which he said was an economic hub and historically was part of the Silk Route.
62km, which is connected with the Zhejiang section of the Hangzhou-Ruili Expressway operated by Zhejiang Hanghui Expressway Co.
Many provincial business delegations too visited Sri Lanka even recently" said Vice Chairperson Janhua and added: "Many entrepreneurs from Zhejiang province are participants of today's Symposium in Colombo and they are here to keenly take part in this event.
Authorities in Zhejiang said the province may face [euro]218million in economic losses, with agriculture the worst affected.
In east China's Zhejiang Province, seven human H7N9 cases were reported on Friday, bringing the total number of such cases to 44 in the province.
Zhejiang Loong Airlines, based in Hangzhou, capital city of Zhejiang province in Eastern China, has signed a purchase agreement with Airbus, for 20 A320 Family aircraft, including 11 A320ceo and nine A320neo, becoming the latest Airbus customer.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Ten people have been killed and five others have been left missing in Wenzhou city since Typhoon Fitow brought rainstorms to East China's Zhejiang Province, local authorities announced on Wednesday.
Johnson Controls, a manufacturer of automotive seating overhead systems, door and instrument panels, and interior electronics, has signed an agreement with Zhejiang Wanfang New Materials Co.

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