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a city in Stavropol’ Krai, RSFSR; a balneological health resort, part of the Caucasian Mineral Waters group. A branch railroad line (6 km) connects it to the station at Beshtau (on the Mineral’nye Vody-Kislovodsk line). Population, 18,000(1970).

Zheleznovodsk began as a health resort in the early 1800’s and became a city in 1917. It lies at an altitude of 550–630 m on the slopes of Mount Zheleznaia, which are covered with deciduous forests that become parks within the city. The summer is warm (average July temperature, 21°C) and dry, and the winter moderately mild (average January temperature, -4°C). Annual precipitation is approximately 605 mm.

The treatments at Zheleznovodsk use carbon dioxide bicarbonate-sulfate sodium-calcium springs of the same chemical composition but different temperatures, ranging from cold ones with temperatures of 1 1 .2°C (Kegamovskii) to hyperthermal ones reaching 55°C (Slavianovskii). The chemical composition of the water used for drinking and bottling is

(from the Slavianovskii spring) and

(from the Smirnovskii no. 1 spring).

Patients with ailments of the digestive organs, urinary system, and metabolism are treated in Zheleznovodsk. A number of important sanatorium complexes have been created, including Udarnik Sanatorium (north block, 1927–29; architect, I. A. Fomin), the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU Sanatorium (1956), the Dubovaia Roshcha Sanatorium (1968; architects, K. F. Butuzova and B. A. Zaritskii), and a mud-treatment clinic (1971; architects, A. I. Nikiforov and others). There are still some eclectic prerevolutionary buildings in town— for example, the pseudo- Moresque villa of the Emir of Bukhara, now the second block of the Udarnik Sanatorium (1907; architect, V. N. Semenov), and the Pushkin Gallery (1901; architect, Schiller).


Zasorina, T. A. Kurort Zheleznovodsk. Stavropol’, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Open competition: provision of services for sanatorium treatment of disabled children with accompanying persons who live in the moscow region, in an institution located in the territory of the caucasian mineral waters (pyatigorsk, kislovodsk, zheleznovodsk, essentuki) and specializing in treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Other projects approaching completion are Ozerkovskaya Phase III (offices and apartments) and the Plaza Spa Hotel Zheleznovodsk (ex-Kalinina Hotel).
Located at the Mashuk-Akva Term spa in the southern city of Zheleznovodsk, the 5-foot-tall bronze syringe bulb supported by three cherubs is a tribute to everyone's favorite medical procedure, the enema.
The bronze syringe bulb, which weighs 800 pounds and is held by three angels, was unveiled at the Mask-Akva Term spa in Zheleznovodsk.
Olga in Zheleznovodsk, which the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church (ROAC) first registered in 1944 at the same address, transferred to the authority of the ROC Diocese of Stavropol despite the ROAC congregation's renovation and reconstruction of the building at the same site.
German membership in NATO seems to be the price of admission, and the Soviet leader finally paid it in Zheleznovodsk during Herr Kohl's Caucasian journey.
Electronic auction: supply of juice products for the needs of the fzuz "sanatorium" zheleznovodsk "of the ministry of internal affairs of russia" (in the volume of state defense order).
Ozerkovskaya Phase III and Plaza Spa Hotel Zheleznovodsk (ex-KalininaHotel) are to become fully operational in 2Q, which is positive for companyfinancials and portfolio valuation.
As for other projects, AFI was focused on completing construction of Ozerkovskaya Phase III and Plaza Spa Hotel Zheleznovodsk (ex-Kalinina Hotel).
Electronic auction: acquisition of housing in the city of zheleznovodsk in the stavropol territory for the provision of orphans and children left without parental care, to persons from among orphans and children left without parental care to ensure the state needs of the stavropol territory
Open Competition: Providing services for the protection of objects of the State institution - the Russian Federation Pension Fund of the Office of the city-resort of Zheleznovodsk, Stavropol Territory (inter-district)