Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Zhitomir: Zhytomyr


see ZhytomyrZhytomyr
, Rus. Zhitomir, city (1989 pop. 292,000), capital of Zhytomyr region, central Ukraine, on the Teteriv River, a tributary of the Dnieper. It is a road and rail junction in an agricultural area.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Ukraine.



a city and the center of Zhitomir Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located on the banks of the Teterev River, a tributary of the Dnieper. It is a railway and highway junction, 165 km west of Kiev. Population in 1971, 167,000 (95,000 in 1939; 106,000 in 1959).

Zhitomir was founded in the second half of the ninth century. It was captured by the Lithuanians in 1320 and by the Polish feudal lords in 1569. Zhitomir became the main city of Kiev voevodstvo (territory under a military governor) in 1668. It was reunited with Russia in 1793. It was the center of Volyn’ Province and an important trading center. Soviet power was established on Jan. 9 (22), 1918. Zhitomir has been the center of Zhitomir Oblast since 1937. Before the October Revolution, there were only small cast-iron foundries and leather and wood-products plants in the city. Large industrial enterprises, including a mechanical repair plant and the Elektroizmeritel’ Plant, were built during the prewar five-year plans. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Zhitomir was twice occupied by the fascist German forces (from July 9, 1941, to Nov. 13, 1943, and from Nov. 20, 1943, to Dec. 31, 1943). They did great damage to the city, but Zhitomir was completely restored in the postwar period.

The basic branches of industry are machine building and metal working (automotive parts plant, machinery plant, mechanized foundry, repair plants, the Elektroizmeritel’ Plant, and the Shchitavtomatika Plant), light industry (a flax combine and hosiery, clothing, and shoe factories), food (flour mills, meat combines, cannery combines), and wood-products (furniture combine and musical instruments factory). The city is also noted for the production of building materials.

There are pedagogical and agricultural institutes in Zhitomir as well as the general technical department of the Kiev Polytechnical Institute and ten specialized secondary educational institutions (including mechanical woodworking, construction, and automobile technicums and medical, pharmaceutical, music, and cultural-educational schools). The city also has a musical drama theater, a puppet theater and a philharmonic society. There is a museum of local lore and a picture gallery. V. G. Korolenko, laroslav Dombrovskii, and S. P. Korolev were born in Zhitomir.


Syniakov, H. H. Zhytomyr: Istoryko-arkhitekturnyi narys. Kiev, 1968.


a city in central Ukraine; centre of an agricultural region. Pop.: 282 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
As it turns out, I eventually sold my Zhitomir Shas on the street--in Manhattan on Thirtieth Street between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, a block over from Penn Station and Madison Square Garden.
This reviewer has observed a cultural renaissance, beginning with the first Conrad conference in Poland in 1991, through to another in 2005, when on a study tour to Conrad's beginnings in Ukraine, the rector of Zhitomir State University exclaimed (to this native-born North American with a Slavic name), "So you have come home
December 31 Red Army troops recapture the city of Zhitomir, Russia.
Many of the Jewish women, argued the Varhayt, "were present at the pogroms in Kishinev, Homel, Zhitomir, Minsk, or Odessa," where the mobs "slit the throats of Jewish children.
She has premises available to her in her home city of Zhitomir, which she will use to teach once she's passed her full instructor qualifications.
NEWCASTLE: 6 30 Abolition, 7 00 York Cliff, 7 30 Commandment, 8 00 Royal Flynn, 8 30 Feelin Foxy, 9 00 Zhitomir
Uwano moved to Ukraine in 1965 and currently lives in Zhitomir, a city west of Kiev.
Number of offices and Three offices: Vinnitsa, Zhitomir, number of manufact.
Richard Fahey's filly should be able to cope with another 5lb rise and take care of Zhitomir who has been performing well of late and has had the misfortune to twice come up against the progressive Passion Fruit.
Between 1905 and the outbreak of World War 1, Kahanovitsh worked as a Hebrew teacher in Zhitomir, and avoided being drafted into the Russian army by becoming what was called in Hebrew a nelem, one who lived covertly under aliases.
Eaves bounced back on another chance ride, the 9-1 shot Zhitomir, who came out best in tight finish to the apprentice race.
Michael Dods is really making hay both on and off course and he struck again when Zhitomir (13-2), won the Sharp Minds Betfair Selling Stakes in the hands of Shane Kelly.