Zinaida Hippius

Hippius, Zinaida Nikolaevna


Born Nov. 8 (20), 1869, in Belev, in present-day Tula Oblast; died Sept. 9, 1945, in Paris. Russian writer. Wife of D. S. Merezhkovskii.

Hippius published her first poems in 1888. A typical representative of decadence in Russian literature, she combined advocacy of sensual love, Nietzschean motifs of the exaltation of the individual, and religious humility in her poems. She wrote the novels The Devil’s Doll (1911) and The Roman Tsarevich (1913), the plays The Poppy Flower (1908; with D. S. Merezhkovskii and D. Filosofov) and The Green Ring (1916), and memoirs, Living Faces (1925). Hippius wrote literary criticism under the pseudonym Anton Krainii in defense of symbolism (Literaturnyi dnevnik, 1908). She greeted the October Revolution with extreme hostility. An émigrée after 1920, Hippius harshly attacked the Soviet system in her articles and poems.


Sobr. stikhov, books 1-2. Moscow, 1904-10.


Istoriia russkoi literatury kontsa XlX-nachala XX veka: Bibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Por el contrario, en Rusia Nabokov ha sido visto siempre con cierta desconfianza: desde los reparos de Zinaida Hippius, Gueorgui Adamovich y Gueorgui Ivanov, quienes lo consideraban un "extranjero", un "advenedizo" o una "maquina de escribir sin alma", hasta el recelo de Bunin, quien un dia le espeto: "Morira usted completamente solo".
Poets of Hope and Despair presents Ben Hellman's personal reading of the Russian symbolist poets' ideologies during World War I, such poets as Andrei Bely, Alexander Blok, Zinaida Hippius, Dmitri Merezhkovsky, Fyodor Sologub, and others.