Zinder


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Zinder

(zĭn`dər), city (1988 pop. 120,892), S Niger. It is the trade center for an agricultural region where grains, manioc, and peanuts are grown, and cattle and sheep are raised. Manufactures include millet flour, beverages, and tanned goods. Zinder was situated on an old trans-Saharan caravan route that connected N Nigeria with the African coast as early as the 11th cent. The walled town was the capital of a Muslim state controlled by BornuBornu
, former Muslim state, mostly in NE Nigeria, extending S and W of Lake Chad. It began its existence as a separate state in the late 14th cent. From the 14th to the 18th cent. Bornu exported slaves, eunuchs, fabrics dyed with saffron, and other goods to N Africa.
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 from the 16th to the mid-19th cent. Zinder was conquered by the French in 1899 and during World War I was the scene of an unsuccessful TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 uprising against French control. The town grew after 1920, when nomads began settling there in large numbers, and from 1922 to 1926 it served as the capital of the French Niger colony. Parts of the old city wall and the 19th-century palace of the ruler of Zinder still stand.

Zinder

 

a city in southern Niger. Population, 38,000 (1969). Zinder is a highway junction and the terminal point of the trans-Saharan Laghouat-In Salah-Zinder road. It is the trading center of an agricultural region (cereals, peanuts, leather, hides, and livestock). Zinder has a vegetable-oil extraction plant. Among the principal trades are the dressing of skins and basket-weaving. A steam power plant is located here.

References in classic literature ?
They soon passed the town of Zinder, recognized by its spacious place of execution, in the centre of which stands the "tree of death.
It was at this place that he parted from his companions, Richardson and Overweg; the first was to follow the Zinder route, and the second that of Maradi; and you may remember that, of these three travellers, Barth was the only one who ever returned to Europe.
Muhammad Badaru had during the ceremony, promised to provide all the needed infrastructure to ensure the viability of the cross-border trade between Kano-Jigawa-Katsina and Zinder in Niger Republic.
More than 650 members of communities, authorities, civil society and security forces participated in a crisis simulation exercise organized by IOM, the UN Migration Agency on 17 October in Zinder, Niger, close to border areas which regularly suffer from security incidents linked to the Boko Haram armed group, among others.
The supervisor of the Atta Alkheir (good giving) initiative, Hamad bin Mohamed Alshahwany, said: "We are taking the responsibility of starting medical camps to treat blindness patients in Zinder and look forward to restoring sight to a number of patients in 2017.
The company, led by Joshua Zinder, AIA, turned the functional and formal property into something more commonly found in Los Angeles or Miami.
Moving printers, copiers and other communal equipment to a central space instead of giving occupants their own equipment not only requires users to walk farther to pick up their printed material, but also creates a mini-meeting space where occupants can bump into colleagues for impromptu conversations, says Joshua Zinder, Principal of integrated design firm JZA+D.
Boube Ibrahim, a signe un arrete autorisant l'ouverture du scrutin hier a 08h (heures locales) et sa cloture le meme jour a 19h dans bureaux de vote qui n'ont pas pu fonctionner dans certaines regions, notamment celles de Zinder, Maradi, Tahoua, Agadez et Tillabery.
Polls reopened in four of the eight regions in the landlocked West African nation 6 the northeast Tahoua, Zinder in the East, the southeast Diffa and Tillaberi in the West, according to (http://www.
Police arrested dozens of suspects in the Nigerian city of Zinder, west of Diffa, where more than 10,000 people were on the run to escape the recent violence.
Fear and panic are spreading fast, and large parts of the population of Diffa are moving further west, towards the city of Zinder, he pointed out.
The area, struggling to feed some 150,000 people who have run to escape violence in northern Nigeria, has seen around 7,000 arrive this week in Zinder, Niger's second biggest town some 450 km west of Diffa.