Isolation and identification of marine cyanobacteria: Cyanobacteria were isolated from samples of seawater, brackish water of the river mouth, and tissue of reef benthic invertebrates: the zoanthid
Protopalythoa variabilis, the sponges Cinachyrella sp.
Patient A complained of a bitter metallic taste, fever, weakness, cough, and muscle pain 7-8 hours after introduction of live zoanthid
coral into his home aquarium.
Palythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing and Michelotti, 1860) is a cnidarian commonly found on reefs in the Caribbean region and Brazil (Mueller and Haywick, 1995).
In addition to bleaching events, disease in the zoanthid
Palythoa caribaeorum was observed along the Sao Paulo coast, Sao Sebastiao Channel, Brazil (Acosta, 2001).
13) Other routes of palytoxin poisoning transmission include dermal contact with anemones and zoanthid
corals, many of which are popular marine display animals for home saltwater aquariums.
Presently, there is no published information about the salinity tolerance and optimal salinity levels for the zoanthid
Randall (1985) wrote of the extremely varied diet: algae (including Jania and Halimeda), bivalves, gastropods, tunicates, sponges, corals, zoanthid
anemones, crabs, tube worms, sea urchins, brittle stars, starfishes (including Acanthaster), hermit crabs, hydroids and detritus.
species are widespread globally from the intertidal zone to the deep sea.
High genetic variability and patchiness within a single species of Great Barrier Reef zoanthid
Size-dependent growth in two zoanthid
species: a contrast in clonal strategies.
ascensionis was associated were densely covered by the zoanthid
Palythoa caribbaeorum and filamentous algae (see Figure 1b).
Isolation of ecdysterone in large amounts from the zoanthid