Zooanthroponoses

Zooanthroponoses

 

anthropozoonoses, a group of infectious and invasive diseases common to animals and man. Zooanthroponoses encompass approximately 100 diseases of varied etiology, including anthrax, glanders, brucellosis, tuberculosis, rabies, stomatitis aphthosa, tick-borne encephalitis, actinomycosis, leptospirosis, Q fever, trypanosomiasis, echinococcosis, and diphyllobothriosis. Complex interrelationships develop between the epidemic and epizootic processes. The primary source of causative agents of zooanthroponoses for man is animals, particularly those with which he has contact in the course of economic activity and everyday life: agricultural and domestic animals, rodents, and the wild animals he hunts. Many zooanthroponoses are characterized by natural focalization.

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These diseases were formerly called anthropozoonoses, and the diseases transmissible from humans to animals were called zooanthroponoses.