South Holland

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South Holland,

village (1990 pop. 22,105), Cook co., NE Ill., a suburb of Chicago; settled 1846 by Dutch, inc. 1894.

South Holland,

Dutch Zuidholland, province (1994 pop. 3,313,200), c.1,085 sq mi (2,810 sq km), W Netherlands, bounded by the North Sea in the west. The HagueHague, The
, Du. 's Gravenhage or Den Haag, Fr. La Haye, city (1994 pop. 445,279), administrative and governmental seat of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, capital of South Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the North Sea.
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 is the capital; other cities include RotterdamRotterdam
, city (1994 pop. 598,521), South Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the Nieuwe Maas (New Meuse) River near its mouth on the North Sea. One of the largest and most modern ports in the world, Rotterdam is the major foreign-trade center of the Netherlands and its second
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, DordrechtDordrecht
or Dort
, city (1994 pop. 113,394), South Holland prov., SW Netherlands, at the point where the Lower Merwede divides to form the Noord and Oude Maas (Old Meuse) rivers.
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, LeidenLeiden
or Leyden
, city (1994 pop. 114,892), South Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the Old Rhine (Oude Rijn) River. Manufactures include medical equipment, machinery, graphic arts, and food products. The famous State Univ.
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, DelftDelft
, city (1994 pop. 91,941), South Holland prov., W Netherlands. It has varied industries and is noted for its ceramics (china, tiles, and pottery) known as delftware. Founded in the 11th cent.
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, SchiedamSchiedam
, city (1994 pop. 72,515), South Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the Nieuwe Maas (New Meuse) River, near Rotterdam. It is famous for its gin, which is widely exported. There are also shipyards and factories that manufacture chemicals, glass, and lumber.
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, and GoudaGouda
, city (1994 pop. 69,917), South Holland prov., W Netherlands, at the confluence of the Gouwe and Hollandsche IJssel rivers. Gouda is famous for its cheese. Other products include smoking pipes, textiles, candles, pottery, flax, and hemp.
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. A fertile lowland, protected by dunes and dikes along the coast, its physical geography is similar to that of North HollandNorth Holland,
Dutch Noordholland , province (1994 pop. 2,457,300), c.1,080 sq mi (2,800 sq km), NW Netherlands, a peninsula between the North Sea in the west and the Markermeer and IJsselmeer in the east. The province includes several of the West Frisian islands.
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, with which it was united until 1840 as HollandHolland,
former county of the Holy Roman Empire and, from 1579 to 1795, chief member of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Its name is popularly applied to the entire Netherlands. Holland has been divided since 1840 into two provinces, North Holland and South Holland.
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. In 1953 a flood seriously damaged the province's soil.

South Holland

 

a province in the Netherlands on the shore of the North Sea. Area, 2,800 sq km. Population, 3 million (1970). Administrative center, The Hague.

The territory of South Holland lies below sea level and is intersected by branches of the Maas and Rhine rivers and a thick network of canals. South Holland is first in national production (26.6 percent in 1967). Particularly developed are the oil-refining and petrochemical industries, shipbuilding, and machine building. The region’s major industrial centers are The Hague, Rotterdam (one of the largest ports in the world), Schiedam, Dordrecht, Delft, and Leiden. There is also intensive agriculture in South Holland; it provides 20.4 percent of the nation’s agricultural output. Dairy farming, fruit and vegetable growing (the latter largely in hothouses concentrated between The Hague and Hoek Van Holland), and flower growing (mainly around Hillegam and Lisse), all of which provide products for export, are important.

G. I. IASHCHENKO

South Holland

a province of the SW Netherlands, on the North Sea: lying mostly below sea level, it has a coastal strip of dunes and is drained chiefly by distributaries of the Rhine, with large areas of reclaimed land; the most densely populated province in the country, intensively cultivated and industrialized. Capital: The Hague. Pop.: 3 440 000 (2003 est.). Area: 3196 sq. km (1234 sq. miles)