Zygophyllaceae


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Related to Zygophyllaceae: Euphorbiaceae, Zygophyllum, Zygapophyseal joint

Zygophyllaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including shrubs, subshrubs, and, less commonly, trees and herbs. The leaves have stipules and are usually opposite. The flowers are bisexual, most commonly regular, and generally in inflorescences. (Unisexual flowers are only rarely encountered.) There are usually five sepals and five petals (occasionally four of each). The fruit is most commonly a capsule or a schizocarp, which splits into small carpels. Rarely is the fruit a drupe or a berry.

There are approximately 25 genera, embracing more than 250 species. The plants are found mainly in arid and hot regions in both hemispheres, often on saline soils. About 50 species are found in the USSR, growing primarily in the southern and southeastern regions of the European portion, in the Caucasus, and in Middle Asia. Represented are approximately 40 species from the genus Kallstroemia; also represented are species of the genera Malacocarpus, Tribulus, Peganum, and Nitraria. (The last two genera are often regarded as the separate families Peganaceae and Nitrariaceae.)

Many Zygophyllaceae, such as Tribulus, are pernicious weeds. Others are poisonous, and still others are medicinal plants. The tropical genus Guaiacum has some practical value.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lippia turbinata Zygophyllaceae Bulnesia retama Larrea divaricata 27,5 18,6 7,6 7,4 Porlieria microphylla Indeterminado 1 1,6 4,0 6 7 * 8 * 9 10 * TLS TLS TLS TLS TLS Acanthaceae Ruellia sp.
Dentro del sistema de Cronquist tambien se incluyen Hippocastanaceae, Staphyleaceae y Zygophyllaceae, las cuales son excluidas de este orden en APG y se le da cabida a las familias Biebersteiniaceae (representada solo por especies de porte herbaceo; sin representantes en Venezuela), Kirkiaceae (plantas lenosas, no representada en Venezuela) y Nitrariaceae (hierbas y arbustos, sin representantes en Venezuela).
Whether this species actually restricts its pollen harvesting to the Zygophyllaceae and the Cruciferae or whether only flowers of these two families are available in the desert habitats of this spring bee is an open question.
Dicots, Fabaceae (subfamily Faboideae) through Zygophyllaceae (Revised Ed.
Se reportaron 28 familias y la distribucion de las especies dentro de estas fue de 25,24% Poaceae; 7,7% Euphorbiaceae; 3,88% Amaranthaceae; 14,56% Asteraceae; 5,83% Rubiaceae; 2,91% Lamiceae y Malvaceae; 9,71% Fabaceae; 4,85% Cyperaceae; 1,94% Cucurbitaceae, Loranthaceae y Onagraceae; y 0,97% para cada una de las siguientes: Acanthanceae, Aizoaceae, Araceaea, Commelinaceae, Convolvulaceae, Loganiaceae, Nictaginaceae, Piperaceae, Polygonaceae, Portulacaceae, Scrophylaniaceae, Solanaceae, Verbenaceae y Zygophyllaceae.
Parmi les familles botaniques les plus frequentes dans le regime alimentaire de Schistocerca gregaria, on trouve les Brassicaceae, les Boraginaceae, les Poaceae, les Zygophyllaceae, les Solanaceae et les Nyctaginaceae.
Esta region esta caracterizada por llanuras y mesetas, con clima seco y suelos arenosos que favorecen el desarrollo de Prosopis y varias especies de la familia Zygophyllaceae (Peralta de Galmarini y Martinez Carretero, 1995).
They are characterized by the presence of bordered pits, generally located in the radial walls, present in Apocynaceae, Celastraceae (some Genera) Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Zygophyllaceae among others.
In Zygophyllaceae, the flowers of Bulnesia and Porlieria are slightly monosymmetric (Sheahan, 2007).
Asclepiadaceae, Brassicaceae, Convolvulaceae, Fumariaceae, Geraniaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Oxalidaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygonaceae, Primulaceae, Ranunculaceae, Sapindaceae, Verbenaceae and Zygophyllaceae had one species each (Table 1).