a posteriori


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

a posteriori

Logic
1. relating to or involving inductive reasoning from particular facts or effects to a general principle
2. derived from or requiring evidence for its validation or support; empirical; open to revision

a posteriori

see A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI.

A Posteriori

 

knowledge acquired through experience. This method of acquiring knowledge was already being examined in antiquity by Aristotle, Plato, and Boethius and in the Middle Ages by Averroës (ibn Rushd), Avicenna (ibn Sina), Albert von Bollstädt, Thomas Aquinas, and others. The analysis of cognition a posteriori occupied an important place in the system of I. Kant, who proposed that the special laws of science can be recognized only a posteriori but that the general principles of cognition are independent of any experience—that is, a priori.