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see Manila hempManila hemp,
the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (banana family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent.
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(also manila hemp, manila fiber), a fiber obtained from the leafstalks of the perennial tropical banana Musa textilis. The plant is native to the Philippine Islands, where it is most widely cultivated. It is also cultivated in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and South America. In order to obtain the fiber, the plant is cut near the root, the leaf blades are removed (these contain weak fibers that are used for paper production), and the fiber bundles are separated from the flesh of the leafstalk. The average plant yields 0.5 kg of abaca. The elemental fibers are 2-12 mm long. Industrial (complex) fibers consist of elemental fibers that have been glued together. They measure 1-5 m long and are coarse, stiff, even in thickness, durable, and very hygroscopic; they also take color well. Abaca is used for marine cables, because it is relatively resistant to the effects of seawater. Rope twine, fishnets, sacks, and other products are also made from abaca.


[′ä·bä‚kä or ′ä·bə‚kä]
Musa textilis. A plant of the banana family native to Borneo and the Philippines, valuable for its hard fiber. Also known as Manila hemp.
References in periodicals archive ?
The primary endpoint of ABACAS 1 was time to induction of medical castration during the first 12 weeks of treatment.
Abacas will purchase very high credit quality securities with the debt proceeds -- at least 75% of the portfolio will be in triple-'A' rated assets.
Cheques for EUR28,500 each were accepted by Eamon Coghlan on behalf of Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, and Keith Duffy, representing the ABACAS Unit for children with autism at Raheny in Dublin.
The rapid development and initial acceptance of the FortiGate product line is a testament to the scalability of the ABACAS architecture and the capability of the Fortinet team," said George Hara, managing partner for DEFTA, who will join Fortinet's board of directors.