abduction

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abduction

[ab′dək·shən]
(physiology)
Movement of an extremity or other body part away from the axis of the body.

Abduction

 

a marriage practice in which the groom steals the bride. The abduction may be forcible, or it may be done with the prior agreement of the groom’s and bride’s families. According to the prevailing scientific opinion, the first type of abduction was always rare because it led to confrontations between primitive communes and similar groups. The second type, however, was widely practiced, especially among several Northern Caucasian peoples in prerevolutionary times, since it helped eliminate some of the wedding expenses. In a third type, the abduction was simulated, that is, the bride was playfully captured by the groom. This practice is still part of the traditional wedding rituals of many peoples.

Abduction

Balfour, David
expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]
Bertram, Henry
kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Guy Mannering]
Bonnard, Sylvestre
to save an orphan girl from cruel treatment, removes her from school by trickery and becomes her guardian. [Fr. Lit.: France The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard in Magill II, 196]
Cephalus
carried off in lusting Aurora’s chariot. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 36]
Conway, Hugh
kidnapped to the lamasery called Shangri-la. [Br. Lit.: Lost Horizon]
Europa
maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]
Gilda
abducted by Duke of Mantua’s courtiers. [Ital. Opera: Verdi, Rigoletto, Westerman, 299–300]
Helen
carried off by Paris, thus precipitating Trojan war. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad, Hall, 147]
Hylas
boy beloved by Heracles is carried off by the nymphs after he draws water from their fountain. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 476]
Lyudmilla
princess carried off on her wedding night by the wizard Chernomor. [Russ. Poetry: Ruslan and Lyudmilla in Haydn & Fuller, 653]
Prisoner of Zenda, The
King of Ruritania is held captive in castle of Zenda. [Br. Lit.: The Prisoner of Zenda]
Proserpina
(Gk. Persephone) whisked away by lustful Pluto in chariot. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Fasti; Art: Hall, 260]
Raid of Ruthven
James VI kidnapped for ten months by Protestant nobles (1582-1583). [Scot. Hist.: Grun, 258]
Resurrection Men
1800s “body snatchers”; supplied cadavers for dissection. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 756]
Sabine Women
menfolk absent, Romans carry off women for wives. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 948; Flem. Art: Rubens, “Rape of the Sabine Women”]
virgins of Jabesh-gilead
abducted by Israelites while dancing at Shiloh. [O.T.: Judges 21:12–24]

abduction

(logic)
The process of inference to the best explanation.

"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the former definition is more common both in philosophy and computing.

The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be reduced to implication.

Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and default reasoning.

Negation as failure in logic programming can both be given an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation of default reasoning in general.

["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson <jj@cis.ohio-state.edu>].
References in classic literature ?
The old rajah's body, indeed, now appeared upon the burning pyre; and the priests, recovered from their terror, perceived that an abduction had taken place.
An eloquent look from D'Artagnan made it clear to Monk that these two men, so brave and so loyal, had not acted in concert for his abduction.
Among the officers in the last boats to put off from the cruiser was the commander of the vessel; and when he had heard the story of Jane's abduction, he generously called for volunteers to accompany Professor Porter and Clayton in their search.
The plan for Natalie Rostova's abduction had been arranged and the preparations made by Dolokhov a few days before, and on the day that Sonya, after listening at Natasha's door, resolved to safeguard her, it was to have been put into execution.
Word had come of the abduction of Thuvia of Ptarth from her father's court, and with it the veiled hint that the Prince of Helium might be suspected of considerable knowledge of the act and the whereabouts of the princess.
Lady Greystoke never rode alone at any great distance from the bungalow, and the savage loyalty of the ferocious Waziri warriors who formed a great part of Tarzan's followers seemed to preclude the possibility of a successful attempt at forcible abduction, or of the bribery of the Waziri themselves.
Esmeralda, the old Negro nurse whose absence on a vacation in America at the time of the abduction of little Jack had been attributed by her as the cause of the calamity, had returned and positively identified the infant.
She told me of her abduction and of the fright she had undergone, and together we thanked God that she had come through unharmed, because the great brute had dared not pause along the danger-infested way.
At the same instant he recognized the evil features of the rajah as those of the man who had directed the abduction of Virginia Maxon from the wrecked Ithaca.
It was two days before the absence of De Vac was noted, and then it was that one of the lords in waiting to the King reminded his majesty of the episode of the fencing bout, and a motive for the abduction of the King's little son became apparent.
When the story of her abduction and her final rescue had been told to Kadour ben Saden he extended his hand to Tarzan.
It was a sort of moral upset as though he had discovered a case of abduction or something as surprising as that.