Abolitionism

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Related to abolitionist: Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Abolitionist Movement

Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bodanza recently visited the Boys and Girls Club of Fitchburg and Leominster to discuss his new book, "Resolve and Rescue,'' the story of Leominster native Frances Drake, born in 1814, who worked for decades to end slavery and contributed tirelessly to the abolitionist movement.
Fairfield was the only high-profile abolitionist to charge people for his work.
Cain began his 1995 work, William Lloyd Garrison and the Fight Against Slavery: Sections from The Liberator, with a story from 1835 when a Boston mob chased abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison down the street, caught him, tore his clothes, and hauled him through the city by a rope.
He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, which he founded in 1831 and published in Massachusetts until slavery was abolished by Constitutional amendment after the American Civil War.
Solomon is caught in the crossfire and seeks respite in the company of abolitionist Bass (Brad Pitt), who believes "slavery is an evil that should befall none".
He was influential both in the abolitionist movement and in the process of statehood for New Mexico, where he became territorial governor.
Andrew Delbanco and four respondents consider that question in The Abolitionist Imagination, the product of Harvard University's 2010 Alexis De Tocqueville Lectures.
Andrew Delbanco's brief volume The Abolitionist Imagination offers a civil discourse on the topic of abolitionism as applied, not only to the anti-slavery movement of the nineteenth century, but also to his theory that such movements reflect a "recurrent American phenomenon" (3).
In the present work, they extend this investigation in an effort to place both the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man in the context of the abolitionist movement.
One abolitionist MP estimated the number of fresh Africans needed to bring Trinidad to the same level of development as Jamaica at one million.
After this series ends, Thornton says she hopes to present the burning of Pennsylvania Hall, an abolitionist meeting place, through a live theater piece that she can open to an online audience.
Of these, 93 have completely abolished, 10 are abolitionist for ordinary crimes only and further 38 can be considered de facto abolitionist.