Absolute deviation data were examined in five formats in an effort to avoid possible bias.

Best and Worst Forecasting Models According to the Accuracy Criterion Currency BEST (Forecasting WORST (Forecasting Mean forecast model with lowest model with highest absolute mean absolute mean

absolute deviation deviation) deviation) British pound Technical 0.

The second approach, CLAD, is one form of least

absolute deviations (LAD) regressions that are commonly used by economists to model data with skewed distributions (Johnston 1997).

dagger]) Mean

absolute deviation ([double dagger]) Average deviation

Evaluated at the sample mean, the estimated elasticities of free cash flow,

absolute deviation in free cash flow from the mean cash flow, and the interaction variable, with respect to policyholder dividends, are 0.

First, the two specifications that use a matched comparison group have much lower estimator bias: the mean

absolute deviation values are .

2] (CV), mean

absolute deviation, and relative error values calculated for 83 polymers are tabulated in Table 2.

2011) in the Chinese and Indian stock markets by employing the Cross Sectional

Absolute Deviation (CSAD) approach proposed by Tan, Chiang, Mason and Nelling (2008) to measure herding behaviour.

The mean

absolute deviation describes the variability of a particular indicator such as a cultural dimension within the particular group such as the regions of a country.

Also presented are the values of P and D at the end of the period, where the value for P is the percent deviation from baseline and the value for D is the

absolute deviation from baseline (in percentage points).

Senouci and Adeli (2001) recommended a neural dynamics model that is based on the minimization of the

absolute deviation between daily resource usage.

Average

absolute deviation percentage in the average contaminant concentration of the previous cases because of the change of the spill location is 5% with maximum deviation percentage of 1%.