absolute pitch


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Related to absolute pitch: perfect pitch, relative pitch

absolute pitch,

the position of a tone in the musical scale determined according to its number of vibrations per second, irrespective of other tones. The term also denotes the capacity to identify any tone upon hearing it sounded alone or to sing any specified tone. Experiments have shown that this ability, a form of memory, can be acquired through practice, but in some individuals it appears to be inborn.

absolute pitch

[′ab·sə‚lüt ′pich]
(acoustics)
The pitch of a musical tone expressed as the frequency of the sound wave of that tone.

absolute pitch

1. the ability to identify exactly the pitch of a note without comparing it to another
2. the exact pitch of a note determined by its number of vibrations per second
References in periodicals archive ?
Absolute pitch has been "idealized in popular culture as a rare and desirable musical endowment, partly because several well-known composers, such as Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin and Handel, have been assumed to possess absolute pitch," the researchers wrote.
1 support - HDMI/DVI/RGB output at back panel - Maximum shared memory of 512MB Audio ASUS Absolute Pitch Hi-Fi: - 10-channel High Definition Audio - Lossless Blu-ray 192kHz/ 24-bit audio - DTS Surround Sensation UltraPC - 2-ch Gold-plated RCA output at back I/O - Optical S/PDIF out port at back I/O Storage - 1x PATA controller up to 2 devices - 5x SATA ports with RAID 0, 1, and 10 1x external SATA Expansion Slots - 1 x PCIe 2.
The drawback of Movable Do, besides abandoning any sense of absolute pitch, results from the problem of accidentals.
A musician who has mastered Fixed Do and acquired nearly absolute pitch is able to grasp an entire musical phrase at once.
Since absolute pitch tends to congregate in families, researchers suspect there is a strong genetic component.
Unlike genetically inherited diseases, however, absolute pitch also appears to be something that can be learned if a child is given musical training at an early enough age.
Further, absolute pitch is more common among people who are blind (Sacks, 2007); one study found that 57% of blind study participants had absolute pitch, as compared with 20% of the general population (Hamilton, Pascual-Leone, & Schlaug, 2004).
The relationship of musical composition and performance to the notion of an absolute pitch standard is one that is relatively recent in Western musical culture.
Recent genetic studies have shown familial aggregation of tone deafness, absolute pitch, musical aptitude and creative functions in music.
Youngsters here are generally way ahead of their American counterparts in music training, and like Yurika they are far more likely to have what some regard as one of the most striking signals of a musical mind: absolute pitch, the ability to identify a tone out of the blue.
While many Japanese may have absolute pitch, some researchers say it has no bearing on musicality.