acanthus


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acanthus

(əkăn`thəs), common name for a member of the Acanthaceae, a family of chiefly perennial herbs and shrubs, mostly native to the tropics. A few members of the family, many of which have decorative spiny leaves, are cultivated as ornamentals—especially the Mediterranean acanthus, or bear's-breech (genus Acanthus), whose ornate leaves were the source of a stylized motif used in Greek and Roman art (see Corinthian orderCorinthian order,
most ornate of the classic orders of architecture. It was also the latest, not arriving at full development until the middle of the 4th cent. B.C. The oldest known example, however, is found in the temple of Apollo at Bassae (c.420 B.C.).
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). In Christian art the acanthus symbolizes heaven. Some species of the genus Ruellia are native to and cultivated as ornamentals in North America, chiefly in the South. Acanthus is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Scrophulariacles.

Acanthus

A common plant of the Mediterranean, whose leaves, stylized, form the characteristic decoration of capitals of the Corinthian and Composite orders. In scroll form it appears on friezes and panels.

Acanthus

 

a genus of herbs and, more rarely, bushes of the Acanthaceae family.

Acanthus leaves usually form a rosette and are very large, simple, often pinnately cut, sinuate, and prickly. The blossoms of the dense top circle are usually white, red, or light blue; the bracts are large, prickly, and dented.

There are about 40 species of the acanthus in the warm regions of Asia, in Africa, and in the Mediterranean area. The acanthus is often grown for decoration in the southern USSR. The shape of the leaves of the Acanthus molis, Acanthus spinosus, and Acanthus syriacus is used as ornamentation in Corinthian and Composite capitals, moldings, and acroterions, and in the ornamentation of friezes and cornices.

acanthus

[ə′kan·thəs]
(architecture)
A sculptured ornamentation representing the leaves of an Acanthus, a Mediterranean prickly herb.

acanthus

acanthus
A common plant of the Mediterranean, whose leaves, stylized, form the characteristic decoration of capitals of Corinthian and Composite orders. In scroll form it appears on friezes, panels, etc.

acanthus

1. any shrub or herbaceous plant of the genus Acanthus, native to the Mediterranean region but widely cultivated as ornamental plants, having large spiny leaves and spikes of white or purplish flowers: family Acanthaceae
2. a carved ornament based on the leaves of the acanthus plant, esp as used on the capital of a Corinthian column
References in periodicals archive ?
The fresh plants Clerodendron inerme, Acanthus ilicifolius was collected from in and around Bharathiar University Campus, Coimbatore, India.
Procedure: Corinthian columns typically have sculpted leaves of the acanthus plant at their tops, or capitals.
CONGRATULATIONS go to Acanthus, who have clinched the U14s Conference title with three games to spare - while also maintaining their flawless record of 15 wins from 15 games.
These hotels are Amara Beach Resort, Barut Hotel Acanthus, Barut Hotel Hemera Resort & Spa, Barut Hotel Lara Resort Spa & Suites, Barut Hotel und Appartements Arum, Club Ali Bey Manavgat, Club Ali Bey Belek, Club Magic Life Kemer Imperial, Gloria Serenity Resort, Hillside Beach Club, Hotel Amara Wing Resort, Hotel Delphin Deluxe Resort, Hotel Delphin Palace, Hotel Melas Resort, Iberotel Sarigerme Park, Kempinski Hotel The Dome, Kirman Hotel Arycanda De Luxe, Kumkoy Beach Resort und Spa, Robinson Club Nobilis, Robinson Club Pamfilya.
The practice of former RIBA president George Ferguson, Acanthus Ferguson Mann, has made a third of its workforce redundant, while Dutch firm OMA laid off 50 staff.
Osborne's new catalog also debuts a set of carved acanthus leaf knobs and pulls for cabinetry or furniture.
A sense of subdued drama functions in many of the works, in fact, often expressed in terms of contrasts in shape and color or among light and dark objects, in Socks, 1998, and in A Dead Acanthus Leaf with a Lily, 1999.
Upon opening the Herronswood catalog, I encounter the eye-popping Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel.
Last Tuesday night, the one game played in the Under-12s Division saw Mags, with goals from Sam Clark, Jake Burton and Matty Griffiths, defeat Acanthus Juniors 3-1.
Which order of classical columns has capitals Robinson on his 1970 hit record The Tears Of carved with acanthus leaves?
This is a very common fungal infection in many plants, and the one attacking Acanthus or bears' breeches has done very well this year due to the wet weather.
Trademark towering Doric, Ionic and Corinthian columns, decorative scrolls and acanthus leaves adorn everything from grand buildings like the Theatre Royal, to pubs, shopping arcades, banks and post offices.