acculturation


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acculturation,

culture changes resulting from contact among various societies over time. Contact may have distinct results, such as the borrowing of certain traits by one cultureculture,
in anthropology, the integrated system of socially acquired values, beliefs, and rules of conduct which delimit the range of accepted behaviors in any given society. Cultural differences distinguish societies from one another.
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 from another, or the relative fusion of separate cultures. Early studies of acculturation reacted against the predominant trend of trying to reconstruct cultures of presumably isolated societies. Such work was faulted for implying that various cultural groups enjoyed an unchanging, precontact period. In this view, the anthropologist's job seemed quite simple, since each culture could be perceived as a unitary whole. Interactions with other peoples have, in fact, always been a significant feature of social life. Early studies of contact called attention to resulting social and individual psychological disturbances. Studies today often call attention to the development of one complex world system, in which some societies dominate others economically, politically, and socially. Many cultural theorists also observe the ways in which cultural groups resist domination, often working against acculturation in the process. Syncretism occurs when a subordinate group molds elements of a dominant culture to fit its own traditions. Acculturation differs from assimilation, in which different ethnic groups combine to form a new culture.

acculturation

  1. (especially in CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY) a process in which contacts between different cultural groups lead to the acquisition of new cultural patterns by one, or perhaps both groups, with the adoption of all or parts of the other's culture.
  2. any transmission of culture between groups, including transfer between generations (although in this instance the terms ENCULTURATION and SOCIALIZATION are more usual).

Acculturation

 

the process of mutual influence of cultures; the total or partial acceptance by one people of the culture of another, usually more developed, people.

The term acculturation first received scholarly usage in the USA in the 1930’s in connection with a study of the contemporary culture of the American Indians. Later, American ethnographers also studied the acculturation of the peoples of Asia, Africa, and Oceania, using the term to conceal the enforced assimilation of oppressed peoples.

After the war the problem of acculturation occupied a prominent position in the works of scholars in India and Latin America—that is, in countries where national consolidation involved a population made up of groups with diverse origins and various levels of cultural and historical development.

The study of the processes of acculturation demands a historical approach to the culture of the peoples being studied. In Soviet literature the term acculturation has not been given an independent meaning, but the processes it designates have been successfully studied by Soviet ethnographers as processes of assimilation and rapprochement of peoples.

REFERENCE

Bakhta, V. M. “Problema akkul’turatsii v sovremennoi etnograficheskoi literature SShA.” In the anthology Sovremennaia amerikanskaia etnografiia. Moscow, 1963. (With bibliography.)

V. M. BAKHTA

References in periodicals archive ?
Acculturation is "the process of adjusting to a different culture" (Tsai, Chentsova-Dutton & Wong, 2002, p.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to the relationship of Health Belief Model (HBM) constructs and acculturation with sexual communication behaviors among African immigrants.
Acculturation research has identified a number of important variables that are supposed to determine acculturative behavior, such as culture of origin and that of the immigration country, past socio-cultural experiences, beliefs, attitudes, values, coping-styles and personality traits (Schmitz & Berry, 2011).
Acculturation stress is a major factor contributing to depression among Chinese immigrants.
Hypothesis 2b predicted that acculturation would be negatively associated with BD for Asian males.
Expanding acculturation theory: Are acculturation models and the adaptiveness of acculturation strategies generalizable in a colonial context?
Acculturation has become a very important topic in cross-cultural psychology as it relates to how people who develop in a different culture come to adapt to another cultural context, psychologically and sociologically.
As the definitions indicate, acculturation involves a close relationship between cultures for a long time during which borrowing of traits occurs.
Acculturation of Arab-American immigrants: An exploratory study.
Guske (Kempten School of Translation and Interpreting Studies) explores their experience of displacement from homes and families and their acculturation to their British homes and hosts, drawing on material from an interdisciplinary oral history research project at the Centre for German-Jewish Studies at the University of Sussex.
fathers who co-reside with children) in the 9-month Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study examined how acculturation is associated with father engagement with infants for Chinese and Mexican immigrant fathers.