acetyl

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Related to acetyl group: acetylation, acetylcholine, pyruvate, methylation, lysine

acetyl

[ə′sēd·əl]
(organic chemistry)
CH3CO‒ A two-carbon organic radical containing a methyl group and a carbonyl group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Introduction of carbonyl and acetyl groups would cause inter-molecular repulsion in the starch gel and this accounts for the weaker gels observed on oxidation and acetylation.
The heat of combustion and rate of oxygen consumption are approximately the same for control and acetylated fibers, which means that the added acetyl groups have approximately the same carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen content as that of the cell wall polymers.
The antidepressant may increase acetylation by inhibiting enzymes, called histone deacetylases, which would otherwise remove acetyl groups from histones.
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are primarily involved in removing the acetyl groups from the so-called histones and thereby affect how our genes are stored.
When enough acetyl groups become attached to a histone, the gene can turn on or become more active.
Histone deacetylases (HDACs), which catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from a ?
In the cell, histone deacetylases (HDAC) are responsible for removing small chemical tags called acetyl groups from histone proteins.
Sirtuins work by severing the chemical bonds between acetyl groups and proteins, a process known as deacetylation.
Sirtuins have demonstrated power of arresting these unnecessary processes in the cell by removing the acetyl groups from the proteins involved, delivering its anti-aging benefits.
By injecting older mice with an enzyme that encourages the binding of acetyl groups, Fischer's team were able to flip the switch on, which improved the mice's learning and memory performance.