achalasia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

achalasia

[‚ak·ə′lāzh·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Inability of a hollow muscular organ or ring of muscle (sphincter) to relax.
References in periodicals archive ?
KEYWORDS: Allgrove Syndrome, Alacrimia, Achalasia, ALADIN.
Our study attempts to understand the various aetiopathogenesis and epidemiological features of this problem and their clinical presentation; so that, early detection maybe planned and various treatment modalities for achalasia cardia, peptic stricture, corrosive stricture and their results are evaluated.
Keywords: Achalasia cardia, Laparoscopic approach, Modified Heller myotomy.
Key Words: Achalasia, Pneumatic dilation, Pneumatic achalasia balloon
Retrograde gastric intussusceptions after myotomy for achalasia.
Achalasia and other oesophageal motility disorders were ruled out according to physical examinations and test results.
Multiple preoperative endoscopic interventions are associated with worse outcomes after laparoscopic Heller myotomy for achalasia.
Pneumatic inflation device for achalasia cardia balloon, with pressure gauge in psi (One per pack)
Achalasia is a motor disorder of the esophagus smooth muscle in which the lower esophageal sphincter does not relax properly with swallowing, and the normal peristalsis of the esophagus body is replaced by abnormal contractions.
The causes of perforation were fish bone ingestion as the most common, followed by chicken bone ingestion and one case of complication after esophageal botulinum toxin injection for achalasia.
We present a case of megaesophagus associated with atelectasis of the right lung, which showed a typical of achalasia with a "bird's beak appearance".
Table 1: Aetiological factors for dysphagia Diagnostic Group Example Neurological Stroke Sub Arachnoid Haemorrhage Multiple Sclerosis Motor Neuron Disease Brain tumour Traumatic Brain Injury Encephalitis Post Polio Syndrome Developmental problems (Cleft palate) Musculoskeletal Cervical Osteophytes Spondylolisthesis Rheumatoid arthritis Disc Prolapse Malignancy Tongue Gum Larynx Pharynx Oesophagus Infection Candida Streptococcal Cardio respiratory Heart Failure COPD Lung Fibrosis Iatrogenic Post intubation Post surgery Other Pharyngeal pouch Pharyngeal atresia/stenosis Cricopharyngeal spasm Oesophageal atresia Oesophageal achalasia Frailty Medication Anticholinergic medication Antibiotics Opiates Anti psychotics Benzodiazepines Calcium Channel Blockers Self Harm Bleach Fire