acidification


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acidification

[ə‚sid·ə·fə′kā·shən]
(chemistry)
Addition of an acid to a solution until the pH falls below 7.
References in periodicals archive ?
This year, the first nationwide study showing the vulnerability of the $1 billion US shellfish industry to ocean acidification revealed a considerable list of at-risk areas.
While the primary cause of ocean acidification is increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, land-based sources of freshwater, carbon, and nutrients such as nitrogen-based fertilizers can play a part in coastal waters.
While some fish species have successfully moved into cooler waters, others face extinction because of warming waters and acidification.
So the acidification due to CO2 in the ocean is having a very substantial impact on the reef's ability to grow.
This need for ocean acidification studies focusing on mechanisms and ecological processes can be illustrated by a review of the existing work on Mytilus mussels.
Important causes of acidification in the cropped treatments are inputs of acid-forming (ammonium-containing) fertiliser, organic matter mineralisation, and removal of plant material containing an excess of cations over anions.
When CO2 is pumped into Chesapeake seawater feed stock acidification of the seawater begins.
Study co-author Barbel Honisch, a paleoceanographer at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, said this could be the closest geological analog to modern ocean acidification, adding that as massive as it was, it still happened about 10 times more slowly than what we are doing today.
These are highly diverse communities with exceptional coral cover, reproducing, doing their thing, under conditions equivalent to the levels of acidification we're predicting for the tropical oceans by the end of this century.
New science shows ocean acidification also can bedevil fish and the animals that eat them, from sharks to whales and seabirds.
Today, she's the manager of Mote's Ocean Acidification Program, which studies the effects of the ocean's increasing add levels on different organisms, especially coral reefs and the animals that live on and around them.