aconite


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Related to aconite: monkshood

aconite

(ăk`ənīt),

monkshood,

or

wolfsbane,

any of several species of the genus Aconitum of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family), hardy perennial plants of the north temperate zone, growing wild or cultivated for ornamental or medicinal purposes. They contain violent poisons that were recognized from early times and were mentioned by Shakespeare (2 King Henry IV, iv:4); more recently they have been used medicinally in a liniment, tincture, and drug, and in India on spears and arrows for hunting. The drug aconite, the active principle of which is the alkaloid aconitine, is used as a sedative, e.g., for neuralgia and rheumatism, and is obtained from A. napellus. Aconites are erect or trailing, with deeply cut leaves and, in late summer and fall, hooded showy flowers of blue, yellow, purple, or white. The name wolfsbane derives from an old superstition that the plant repelled werewolves. Winter aconite is a name for plants of the genus Eranthis, wild or garden perennials of the same family. Aconites are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.

Aconite

(pop culture)

Aconite (aconitum napellus) is another name for wolfsbane or monkshood. This poisonous plant was believed by the ancient Greeks to have arisen in the mouths of Cerberus (a three-headed dog that guards the entrance to Hades) while under the influence of Hecate, the goddess of magic and the underworld. It later was noted as one of the ingredients of the ointment that witches put on their body in order to fly off to their sabbats. In Dracula (Spanish, 1931), aconite was substituted for garlic as the primary plant used to repel the vampire.

Sources:

Emboden, William A. Bizarre Plants: Magical, Monstrous, Mythical. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1974. 214 pp.

Aconite

 

(Aconitum), monkshood, a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the family Ranunculaceae. Roots are tuberous and thickened; leaves palmate-incised or palmate-compound; flowers yellow, blue, or violet, rarely white, arranged in a more or less thick apical raceme. The calyx consists of five petaloid colored bracts. The upper bract resembles a helmet covering two nectaries (modified petals). About 300 species grow in the northern hemisphere, about 75 of these in the USSR. Most of the aconite species are poisonous; they contain alkaloids such as aconitine and zongorine. Many aconite species are cultivated as ornamentals.

aconite

[′ak·ə‚nīt]
(botany)
Any plant of the genus Aconitum. Also known as friar's cowl; monkshood; mousebane; wolfsbane.
(pharmacology)
A toxic drug obtained from the dried tuberous root of Aconitum napellus; the principal alkaloid is aconitine.

aconite

, aconitum
1. any of various N temperate plants of the ranunculaceous genus Aconitum, such as monkshood and wolfsbane, many of which are poisonous
2. the dried poisonous root of many of these plants, sometimes used as an antipyretic
References in periodicals archive ?
OK, this week's offer is a bit of a cheat, but winter aconites, or Eranthis hyemalis, will give you the look of summer wildflowers upon glossy green foliage from January through to March.
This is the best venue, too, for This is the best venue, too, for | Galanthus 'Atkinsii', left | Galanthus 'Atkinsii', left | Wild winter aconites, below | Wild winter aconites, below GGARDEN writers are spoiled for choice in midsummer over what to talk about.
Aconite, also known as monkshood, is on a UK list of restricted herbal ingredients.
I am writing here from what I remember; in fact, the Field Marshal was under house arrest at the time, and was hospitalized in an attempt to save him after he had ingested Aconite poison.
Set some winter aconite (Eranthis hyemalis), snowdrops (Galanthus elwesii) and species crocus like the crocus chrysanthus or crocus tommasinianus close to the house foundation, where escaping heat keeps the soil warm and starts these March bloomers into early growth.
in the ordinary share capital of Aconite in March 2008.
While Shigeru Yagi, 58, consistently pleaded not guilty, Tokuji Izumi, the presiding justice at the top court's First Petty Bench, determined that the defendant conspired with three women, killed a 45-year-old man in Honjo, Saitama Prefecture, in June 1995 by making him eat a sweet bean paste bun poisoned with aconite and collected 302 million yen in life insurance.
In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial conducted in France in 1990, Aconite was found to be highly effective in the treatment of post-surgical agitation in children (12).
Aconite has experience in implementing proven software, while EMV consultants are experts in delivering focused EMV migration packages at minimum cost, risk and disruption to clients' existing card payments business.
According to the indictment, Mayumi Take, 34, along with Shigeru Yagi, 51, and two others, murdered Shuichi Sato, 45, by poisoning him with aconite they had put in a sweet-bean bun.
IT might seem odd that the discreet little winter aconite and the showy peonies once belonged to the same plant family.
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