Acquittal

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Acquittal

 

(judgment of acquittal), a court’s finding that a prisoner is not guilty of a charge against him. A judgment of acquittal is rendered in instances when the event of a crime has not been established, when the act of the prisoner does not contain the elements of a crime, or when participation of the prisoner in the commission of the crime has not been proved. The acquitted person is considered exonerated regardless of the grounds for the acquittal. The judgment of acquittal cancels the measures of securing confiscation of property and measures of restraint. The acquitted person is released from guard in the courtroom immediately after the judgment is announced. The judgment of acquittal may be vacated by way of cassation only on protest of a procurator or on appeal of a victim or a person acquitted (the latter has the right to appeal the judgment with respect to the reasons and grounds of acquittal). Judgments of acquittal rendered by the supreme courts of the Union republics and the Supreme Court of the USSR are not subject to cassational appeal and protest. Review of a judgment of acquittal by way of supervision is permitted only within the first year after it has entered into force.

References in classic literature ?
All the well-known people of that period, from Alexander and Napoleon to Madame de Stael, Photius, Schelling, Fichte, Chateaubriand, and the rest, pass before their stern judgment seat and are acquitted or condemned according to whether they conduced to progress or to reaction.
That winter passed very quickly and happily for me, and at the end of the legislative session I had acquitted myself so much to the satisfaction of one of the newspapers which I wrote for that I was offered a place on it.
They knew it; but as their father's sons they acquitted themselves.
John May was acquitted, immediately left the country, and has never been heard of from that day.
You have been entrapped into marrying a man who has been publicly accused of poisoning his first wife--and who has not been honorably and completely acquitted of the charge.
Glaucon laughed and said: Well then, Socrates, in case you and your argument do us any serious injury you shall be acquitted beforehand of the and shall not be held to be a deceiver; take courage then and speak.
Well, I said, the law says that when a man is acquitted he is free from guilt, and what holds at law may hold in argument.
He, by the way, had been acquitted of the charge brought against him.
A scrutiny was first made into the characters of the female servants of the house, who were all acquitted by Mrs Wilkins, and with apparent merit; for she had collected them herself, and perhaps it would be difficult to find such another set of scarecrows.
Twice I actually hired myself as an under-mate in a Greenland whaler, and acquitted myself to admiration.
But Tom was acquitted," Sarah hastened to proclaim.
I could have no hesitation in thankfully accepting the offer, for if I acquitted myself of my commission as I hoped I should, the result would be a permanent engagement on the illustrated newspaper, to which I was now only occasionally attached.