acrolein


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acrolein

[ə′krōl·ē·ən]
(organic chemistry)
CH2=CHCHO A colorless to yellow liquid with a pungent odor and a boiling point of 52.7°C; soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; used in organic synthesis, pharmaceuticals manufacture, and as an herbicide and tear gas.
References in periodicals archive ?
To date, the most common acrolein scavengers have been the FDA--[Food and Drug Administration] approved compounds containing a hydrazine group, such as hydralazine and phenelzine," Shi says.
Besides acrolein, it is another important situation that formaldehyde which is a toxic compound due to high temperatures can form in e-cigarettes that are especially used directly with dripping technique (48).
Treatment with 5-PP blocked the modulation of acrolein irritation, indicating that oxidant-induced sensory irritation was caused by generation of a metabolite, likely NAPQI, rather than by a pharmacological effect of the parent APAP.
Huntsman has announced plans to produce glycerol carbonate from biobased glycerol, and Arkema is exploring technology to produce acrolein, a precursor to acrylic acid from glycerol.
This was a statistically significant factor only for methanol, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein.
A licensed aquatic pesticide applicator aged 57 years, previously healthy and employed for 15 years by an irrigation district in Washington, was exposed to acrolein while monitoring an application ([dagger]) to an irrigation canal in the Quincy-Columbia Basin.
The cyclophosphamide metabolite, acrolein, induces cytoskeletal changes and oxidative stress in Sertoli cells.
Following the definition of air toxics relevant for mobile sources, this new version TREM-HAP (Transport Emission Model for Hazardous Air Pollutants) is prepared to calculate the emissions of benzene, 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, naphthalene and also particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.
For example, if higher formaldehyde concentrations were necessary, these could be accommodated by enhanced particle filtration and the reduction of unvented indoor combustion (which is a significant source of acrolein, formaldehyde, and [PM.
Cytotoxicity, DNA cross-linking, and single strand breaks induced by activated cyclophosphamide and acrolein in human leukemia cells.
Stop smoking It's not just your lungs that will benefit when you quit - cigarettes contain a chemical called acrolein, which stops HDL from doing its work of escorting cholesterol away from the arteries.