surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study was begun at a time when there was substantial resistance to monitoring men with prostate cancer, the authors noted, and therefore, "our intents were to demonstrate the safety of this approach for carefully selected men and to identify markers of a lethal phenotype that might lead to wider inclusion in active surveillance.
Griffin, for the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) Workgroup
Additionally, the results showed an increase in physician recommendation of active surveillance that was consistent with a previous prospective clinical study published earlier this year.
To identify which physician is responsible for managing the active surveillance protocol and if any other human resources required to offer AS (e.
2% in ticks collected through passive surveillance but a lower prevalence of infection in ticks collected at the active surveillance sites (7.
I recommend active surveillance for patients with early and localised prostate cancer.
gloves and masks), antibiotic control, suppression and eradication of colonization, and environmental disinfection, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center has successfully reduced the rate of newly acquired MRSA infections to almost zero in those units under active surveillance.
There will also be changes to how Brussels categorises countries regarding their BSE risk and defines compulsory passive and active surveillance measures carried out by member states.
The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is the principal foodborne-disease component of CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP).
The deer leaflet is being issued for the first time and precedes the instigation of an active surveillance programme for the small farmed deer population in Britain.