actor-network theory


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actor-network theory (ANT)

a recently influential approach to social theory, which combines post-structuralist insights with detailed empirical study of science/ technologies, organizations and social processes. Its method is to 'S um up' interactions as ‘local’ and ‘practical’. Building especially on the work of Bruno Latour (see Latour, ‘On Recalling ANT’ in J. Law and J. Hassard (eds) Actor Network Theory and After, 1999) , the focus of ANT is on the reality‘/‘transformability’ of ‘networks’, as against such notions as ‘institution’ or 'S ociety’. Its conception of the social is as a circulatory ‘field of forces’ beyond the agency-structure debate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since this study sought to understand processes relating to intersectoriality and insertion into networks, not only at the macro level (Saire in the RPMS), the mid-level (local public policy) and the micro level (key informants in Saire), the concept of translation was the central focus of adoption of Actor-Network Theory (29-31).
In line with actor-network theory, we contend that understanding and better explaining the intermedia agenda-setting of an online news story entails exploring its network.
Actor-Network Theory (ANT), possibly one of the most influential traditions of new materialist thinking, is perhaps even more problematic and in certain ways more reminiscent of old debates on the perils of "contemplative materialism.
Actor-network theory and methodology: Just what does it mean to say that nonhumans have agency?
Therefore, based on the Actor-Network Theory, it is necessary to demonstrate how heterogeneity and symmetry permeate the investigated context, and how the relationships created generate effects and impact on the organizing of reality (Law, 1992).
1997) Inhuman/nonhuman/human: Actor-network theory and the prospects for a nondualistic and symmetrical perspective on nature and society.
Recent work by critical realists, for instance, engages productively with symbolic interactionism (Vandenberghe 2014), social network analysis (Buch-Hansen 2014), actor-network theory (Elder-Vaas 2015), and the sociology of culture (Archer and Elder-Vass 2012).
Book Review: Reassembling the social: an introduction to actor-network theory.
In addition, the 'social' in itself is here perceived as "a type of connections between things that are not themselves social" (Latour 2005: 5-7), or as a movement of re-association and reassembling, according to Latour's actor-network theory (ANT).
If you like complex theories of public choice, international political economy and public management, overlaid with social concepts like the actor-network theory, this book is for you.
Specifically, we employ Bruno Latour's work in actor-network theory to trace the origins of our network; Albert-Laszlo Barabasi's contributions to network theory to map its scale-free structure; and Mark Granovetter's "strength of weak ties" theory to identify opportunities to build alliances and disseminate messages by creating bridges between distant nodes.