acute pancreatitis


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Related to acute pancreatitis: Chronic pancreatitis

acute pancreatitis

[ə′kyüt ′pan·krē·ə′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
A disease of unknown etiology that causes sudden liberation of activated pancreatic enzymes that digest the pancreatic parenchyma, leading to dissolution of fat and production of calcium soaps, and rupture of pancreatic vessels with resultant hemorrhage and shock.
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of Card9 over-expression in peripheral bloodmononuclear cells from patients with aseptic acute pancreatitis.
Non-specific pain observed during pregnancy and puerperium in an alcohol abstinent woman, only mild clinical symptoms and lack of evident cholelithiasis, resulted in a delayed diagnosis of acute pancreatitis.
Female gender, pre-cut papillotomy and pancreatic duct contrast injection were the most important risk factors for the development of acute pancreatitis.
Acute pancreatitis progresses on an instable course that has exacerbations and remissions.
KEY WORDS: Acute Pancreatitis, Early and Late Oral Refeeding, Length of hospital stay.
Combined with increased serum lipase level and radiological evidence, the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is not difficult.
All patients admitted to the adult surgical wards at Addington Hospital, Durban, SA, with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis were included in a prospective dataset.
In clinical settings, the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis (AP) is heavily relied upon the clinical picture and elevated pancreatic enzymes.
Results of our study indicate that early contrast enhanced CT scan may be useful in predicting the outcome and need for intervention in patients with acute pancreatitis.
Four patients were diagnosed to have acute pancreatitis for the first time.
In conjunction with the US FDA Fast-Track designation, CM4620 has demonstrated activity in vivo in several animal models of acute pancreatitis, both on pancreatic necrosis and markers of systemic inflammation, like the neutrophil enzyme myeloperoxidase in the lung.
Another important point with CRP is that although it is one of the earliest acute-phase reactants that increases in level, CRP level higher than 170 mg/dL at 48 hours has been reported to be more valuable for predicting severe acute pancreatitis and pancreatic necrosis than CRP level measurements at any time before 48 hours (7).

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