acyl

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acyl

[′a·səl]
(organic chemistry)
A radical formed from an organic acid by removal of a hydroxyl group; the general formula is RCO, where R may be aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transcription regulation of peroxisomal fatty acyl CoA oxidase and enoy-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase in rat liver by peroxisome proliferators.
Whatever the precise mechanism by which PPs induce rodent liver cancer, rodent liver peroxisome proliferation, induction of the peroxisomal gene acyl CoA oxidase (ACO) (23), hypertrophy (24), and carcinogenicity (25) are all mediated through activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR[alpha]).
21)--the carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT)[1], which is located at the inner side of the outer mitochondrial membrane, transesterifies the long-chain fatty acid and transports the acyl CoA across the inner mitochondrial membrane, where CPT II is located, to break the acyl bond releasing the fatty acid, and recycling CoASH (2, 6-8).
Many disorders and syndromes were eliminated as the focus turned to something called short-chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, a fatty acid oxidation disorder within the larger category of mitochondrial disorders.