acylation


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to acylation: alkylation

acylation

[‚as·ə′lā·shən]
(organic chemistry)
Any process whereby the acyl group is incorporated into a molecule by substitution.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is well known that premature polymer precipitation from initially homogeneous solution in Friedel-Crafts acylation polycondensation synthesis prevents further macromolecular chain growth reactions and produces polymer of undesirably low molecular weight and of poor thermal stability.
A heterogeneous solvent exchange acylation treatment for paper sheets with long chain fatty acid anhydride using microwave radiation is described.
The acylation of benzene with isobutyryl chloride was attempted using this solar heat source.
The Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction is of interest to organic chemists in academia and industry.
In addition to lysines, other electronrich guanidine, imidazole, amide, alcohol, and thiol functional groups within some amino acid side chains are expected to undergo acylation reactions when exposed to high enough concentrations of anhydrides.
The catalysis by the ion exchanged resin in alkylation, transalkylation, isomerization, oligomerization, acylation, esterification and nitration is well reviewed by Harmer and Sun (2001).
1:30 ACYLATION OF 2-PROPENYL-2-OXAZOLINE AND SUBSEQUENT DIELS-ALDER
The examiner in the Patent Office rejected the claims for obviousness based on prior art references that disclosed preparing analogous types of cephem by analogous acylation reactions using the same amine and analogous types of organic acids.
Chemical properties related to unsaturated centres: Hydrogenation; Oxidation through reaction with oxygen; Biological oxidation; Other oxidation reactions; Halogenation; Stereomutation; Metathesis; Double bond migration and cyclisation; Dimerisation (dimer acids, isostearic acid, estolides, Guerbet alcohols and acids); Neighbouring group participation; Friedel-Crafts acylation and related reactions.
have described the synthesis and characterization of block copolymers based on poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and a nucleoside pendant alkyl methacrylate monomer, which was prepared via selective acylation of the nucleoside.