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Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

References in periodicals archive ?
A compensation review conducted by the University of West Florida's College of Education and Professional Studies confirmed that average adjunct faculty pay had not increased in more than four years.
Adjuncts say that opposition contradicts the colleges affiliation with the United Church of Christ, which is guided by "core values of open engagement and social justice.
Shortage of Accounting Faculty and Requirements to Obtain an Adjunct Position
New adjunct faculty, while experts in their subject, often have no teaching experience.
The coaching skills you demonstrate and knowledge of current student issues will make you a stronger candidate for future adjunct positions.
Louis University to bring attention to the low pay of adjunct professors, according to a Sept.
A Georgetown adjunct in one class can be making $10,000.
The Adjunct Faculty Association has been actively organizing at several other campuses around the city of Pittsburgh including Robert Morris University, where an election is scheduled in March, and at Point Park University, where they are currently in contract negotiations.
In a follow-up national study of community college developmental programs, Gerlaugh, Thompson, Boylan, and Davis (2007) found "a minor trend toward reducing the percentage of adjunct or part-time faculty used to teach developmental education courses" (p.
Because adjunct faculty frequently have little advance notice about their assigned course(s), they may be inadequately prepared to teach the content (Thompson, 2003).
Last month, adjuncts at Tufts became the latest to join the 2.
Building a strong peer community and establishing close working relationships with instructional teams are integral to a positive adjunct faculty experience.