Adjunct

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adjunct

Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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Adjunct

 

(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

References in periodicals archive ?
OS in this approach is adjunction of the moved object triggered by its p-feature.
iv) Probabilities of modification, adjunction or deletion depend only on the last two letters of the current word.
Sample derivation /pintura/ plural /papel/ plural /tarea/ plural /pintura s papel s tarea s plural adjunction -- papal e s -- (10a) pintura s e papel e s e tarea se (10b) [pinturase] [papelese] [tarease]
Cinque 1995; Laenzlinger 2000) in the det-poss sequences as such an account easily solves the problem of agreement, which, for instance, adjunction analyses cannot offer.
For example, the English self-anaphors have developed from the adjunction of an intensifying self-form to the plain object pronouns in Old and Middle English.
Note that according to Feng (2001: 171) in each step the adjunction of the adjectival head to the noun results in an No, that is, bai panzi 'white plate' and da bai panzi 'big white plate' are both analyzed as compounds:
Although adjunction analyses of modification have not, in fact, been completely discarded (cf.
0] and the specifier positions and possible adjunction positions of its projection.
For instance, conflation is often taken to be the addition of result subevents to verb meanings in a lexical-semantic operation, be it lexical subordination (Levin and Rapoport 1988; Legendre 1997: 84; Spencer and Zaretskaya 1998), event composition (Pustejovsky 1991), template augmentation (Rappaport Hovav and Levin 1998), or lexical adjunction (Wunderlich 1997a, 1997b).
After adjunction, a linking vowel may be inserted between the stem non-head and the head: oj-i-alegre 'happy of eye', literally 'eye-i-happy', al-i-quebrar 'break the wings (of a bird)', literally 'wing-i-break'.
Note that the adjective phrase (AP) in (1) is posited as an adjunction to NP, an analysis which accounts for adjective iteration.
Se's lack of case features allows it to "incorporate by free adjunction, not by selection" (1993: 255), thereby evading the syntactic constraint.