Adjustment

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adjustment

[ə′jəst·mənt]
(geodesy)
The determination and application of corrections to orthometric differences of elevation or to orthometric elevations to make the elevation of all bench marks consistent and independent of the circuit closures.
The placing of detail or control stations in their positions relative to other detail or control stations.
(psychology)
The process of mental change to allow an individual to function harmoniously with his environment.

Adjustment

 

the aggregate of operations concerning the preparation, tooling, regulation, and tuning of a machine, with the aim of ensuring its performance under predetermined conditions during a definite time interval (an hour, shift, or day; the period of durability of the tool or the period for processing a set of parts). Adjustment is a part of the production process.

Adjustments are usually performed after assembly of machines (after installation) or after a temporary stoppage because of malfunction (breakdown, wear, decrease in rigidity, loss of precision, and so on). Adjustment is performed on machine tools, measuring instruments, electrical and radio equipment, transportation equipment, and tools, as well as their aggregates (for example, a transportation system or a flow production line).

The cost of adjustments may be decreased by using standardized elements and automatic adjustment devices. Adjustment costs have been reduced to a minimum for machines with programmed control and automatic control systems.

References in classic literature ?
With formal furniture, curtains are out of place; and an extensive volume of drapery of any kind is, under any circumstance, irreconcilable with good taste - the proper quantum, as well as the proper adjustment, depending upon the character of the general effect.
He shifted his feet slightly, tautened his muscles with a tentative pull, then relaxed again, questing for a perfect adjustment of all the levers of his body.
Besides overseeing the continuous adjustment, by trimming of sails and orders to the helmsman, of the Arangi to her way on the sea, and overseeing the boat's crew at its task of washing deck and polishing brasswork, he was engaged in steadily nipping from a stolen bottle of his captain's whiskey which he had stowed away in the hollow between the two sacks of yams lashed on deck aft the mizzenmast.
cried Polly, longing to add a little beauty to her friend's sallow face by a graceful adjustment of the flowers.
Such an adjustment of conflicting interests as gives
Nevertheless, the late American in him was no weakling, and he (if he were a he and had a shred of existence outside of these two) compelled an adjustment or compromise between his one self that was a nightprowling savage that kept his other self sleepy of mornings, and that other self that was cultured and refined and that wanted to be normal and live and love and prosecute business like other people.
When Mr Squeers left the schoolroom for the night, he betook himself, as has been before remarked, to his own fireside, which was situated--not in the room in which Nicholas had supped on the night of his arrival, but in a smaller apartment in the rear of the premises, where his lady wife, his amiable son, and accomplished daughter, were in the full enjoyment of each other's society; Mrs Squeers being engaged in the matronly pursuit of stocking-darning; and the young lady and gentleman being occupied in the adjustment of some youthful differences, by means of a pugilistic contest across the table, which, on the approach of their honoured parent, subsided into a noiseless exchange of kicks beneath it.
His pabulum was an unquenchable belief in the Unerring Artistic Adjustment of Nature.
Every part, brain and body, nerve tissue and fibre, was keyed to the most exquisite pitch; and between all the parts there was a perfect equilibrium or adjustment.
Even to call life "activity," or to define it further as "the continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations," as Spencer has it, Nietzsche characterises as a "democratic idiosyncracy.
Crawley and the landlord had a consultation about the new hangings, an amicable wrangle about the carpets, and a final adjustment of everything except the bill.
He had been at his loom full half an hour, thinking about this old woman, when, having occasion to move round the loom for its adjustment, he glanced through a window which was in his corner, and saw her still looking up at the pile of building, lost in admiration.