adrenal cortex


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Related to adrenal cortex: adrenal medulla, aldosterone

adrenal cortex

[ə′drēn·əl ′kȯr·teks]
(anatomy)
The cortical moietie of the suprarenal glands which secretes glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, androgens, estrogens, and progestagens.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other end of the spectrum, falling cortisol levels cause an increase in hypothalamic activity, which stimulates the production of CRH while ACTH production once again increases in the pituitary, causing the adrenal cortex to increase levels of cortisol.
Effect of long-term inhibition of hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase by mevinolin on the zona fasciculata of rat adrenal cortex.
The histological study showed fusion of myelolipoma elements and hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex (zona glomerulosa).
A pseudocapsule comprising a thin rim of compressed adrenal cortex is seen in most myelolipomas.
From here, it secretes the corticotropin-releasing-hormone (CRH) that stimulates the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland to produce the adrenocorticotropin-releasing hormone (ACTH), which then enters the blood stream and provokes the adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) regulates the adrenal cortex and modulates the production of important sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, low levels of which can interfere with sexual libido and function.
This effect might be mediated via a neurotransmitter effect at the adrenal cortex (7).
Under stressful situations, the body responds by increasing the production of cortisol by initiating a series of events involving the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal cortex called the HPA axis.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia can have a characteristic appearance of multiple bilateral adrenal masses containing extensive macroscopic fat that could result from prolonged stimulation of the adrenal cortex by elevated ACT levels (Figure 7).
Besides testosterone, other androgens include: first, Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) which is a steroid hormone produced in the adrenal cortex from cholesterol.
Methods include laboratory measurement of hormones and biomarkers; molecular genetics and bioinformatics; sonographic measurement of endocrine tissue; radionuclides; and tests of thyroid function, growth hormones, water regulation, inherited disorders of sodium regulation, calcium disorders, hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinism, insulin resistance, testis and ovary function, and the adrenal cortex.
Corticosteroids are hormones produced naturally within the adrenal cortex or synthetically.