adrenal cortex


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Related to adrenal cortex: adrenal medulla, aldosterone

adrenal cortex

[ə′drēn·əl ′kȯr·teks]
(anatomy)
The cortical moietie of the suprarenal glands which secretes glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, androgens, estrogens, and progestagens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Khajouee, "Comparative study on the effects of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on structural changes and hormonal output of the adrenal cortex in male Wistar rats," Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, vol.
Receptor mediated uptake of lipoprotein-cholesterol and its utilization for steroid synthesis in the adrenal cortex.
In patients with large pheochromocytoma, as in our patient with her adrenal tumor, the large size of the tumor can cause expansion of the tumor resulting in dissociation of the adrenal medulla from the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla will lose its vascular contact and paracrine control from the adrenal cortex.
23 The distinction between cortisol-producing adenoma and aldosterone-producing adenoma can be made on hematoxylin-eosinstained slides by assessing the nontumorous adrenal cortex.
Effect of long-term inhibition of hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase by mevinolin on the zona fasciculata of rat adrenal cortex.
The final step of the HPA axis activation is characterized by an increase in cortisol secretion from the adrenal cortex, usually proportional to the severity of stress.
The histological study showed fusion of myelolipoma elements and hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex (zona glomerulosa).
The disease is now recognized as Addison's disease, (3) which is due entirely to insufficiency in function of the adrenal cortex.
A pseudocapsule comprising a thin rim of compressed adrenal cortex is seen in most myelolipomas.
The adrenal cortex has three functionally distinct layers, each of which produces different steroid hormones: the thin outer zona glomerulosa, the middle zona fasciculata, and the innermost region, the zona reticularis.
Under normal conditions, the HPA axis has a complex negative feedback between hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal cortex (Figure 1).