adverb

(redirected from adverbial)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

adverb

An adverb refers to any element in a sentence used to modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, or even an entire clause.
Adverbs can be single words, phrases (called adverbial phrases), or entire clauses (called adverbial clauses).
Continue reading...

adverb:

see part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
..... Click the link for more information.
; adjectiveadjective,
English part of speech, one of the two that refer typically to attributes and together are called modifiers. The other kind of modifier is the adverb. Adjectives and adverbs are functionally distinct in that adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, while adverbs
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Adverb

 

a part of speech; a class of autonomous words that are uninflected or inflected only for degrees of comparison and are contrasted in this way to other autonomous words. As a rule, adverbs modify an action or quality and are subordinate to a verb or adjective.

In Russian, the adverbial modifier may coincide with case forms (with or without a preposition) of the noun (for example, On primchalsia begom/streloi, “He came running on the double/like an arrow”), to which it is often also genetically related (Russian peshkom, “on foot”; vverkh, “up, upward”; voochiiu, “with one’s own eyes”). Predicative adverbs function as the principal member of a sentence in which a subject and predicate are not expressed separately (stydno, “it is a shame”; nuzhno, “it is necessary”). In a number of languages (for example, Nenets), there is a transitional class of words with an incomplete declension (often called adverbs) between the noun and the adverb (for example, Nenets haqga, “whither,” “where to,” and hangad, “whence,” “wherefrom”).

Adverbs are classed according to whether they modify verbs (Russian, priglagol’nye narechiid) or adjectives (priad”ektivnye narechiia), and according to meaning, as adverbs of place, time, cause, and degree. Depending on the method of formation, adverbs may be grammatical, which are formed regularly (Russian adverbs in -o, -ski; English adverbs in -ly), and nongrammatical, which are morphologically irregular, or nonanalyzable (Russian ochen’, “very”; English “well”).

V. M. ZHIVOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In our Finnish data for sixteenth-century written language, the clearly dominant BECOME-construction is the one in which a typical pre-verbal argument is a nominative subject and the argument following the verb tulla is a predicative adverbial in the translative case (Poika [boy.
Adverbial > *[Marcus stared in a pale manner / in a pale way / to a pale degree.
The first Ablative is used in adverbial function to indicated movement from or out of a place (ia).
A collection of test sentences (see appendix) was presented to the research subjects to assess L2 comprehension and constraints of two temporal adverbial parameters, after and while.
Similarly, Avc> [14] had found significant differences in favor of female students in expression errors arising from missing verb or auxiliary, subject-verb disagreement and missing objects and adverbial clause of place.
Finally, 23 adverbial clauses were produced, of which the subjunctive was used 91% of the time.
I shall provide a few examples of what can be generated with the specialized dictionaries: with the grammar dictionary one could find, for example, all transitive verbs or all adverbial expressions; the etymological dictionary permits the generation of wordlists based on the source language of Italian words; with the glossari settoriali dictionary one could access all the terminology relevant to over forty different fields.
Adjectives like "fresh" and adverbial phrases like "slightly lyrical" and "surprisingly subtle" are either hackneyed or condescending or both and in no way relate to the real writing.
Occasionally he goes for what some English scholars would describe as "a fondness for the hammer blow" by his overuse of adjectives such as "brilliant," (deployed a number of times to describe Lord Milner and Sir Edward Carson) and occasionally resorting to adverbial excess, as in "profoundly controversial land taxes" (p.
The Rasta version of verse 2 locates the Babylonian captivity in the adverbial modifier "inner" (Jamaican patois for "in a") strange land.
It also clarifies grammatical subjects that frequently cause problems for non-English speakers such as adverbial clauses, conditionals and gerunds.
Pre-empting, what happens to your favorite television show, does not have an adverbial form.