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see attorneyattorney,
agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal.
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a person who practices the profession of rendering legal assistance. In the USSR, an advocate must be a citizen and must have a higher education in law and no less than two years of experience in legal work. A person who does not have a higher legal education but does have at least five years of experience in legal work may be admitted to a college of advocates (Kollegiia advokatov ) by permission of the council of ministers of an autonomous republic or the executive committee of a regional (territorial) soviet of workers’ deputies. Advocates are subject to the general labor legislation with the specific conditions of their work taken into consideration. Soviet advocates render legal assistance to the population, enterprises, institutions, and organizations in the form of consultation and advice on legal questions, interpretation of and information on legislation, the preparation of complaints, petitions, and other legal documents. Advocates act as defense counsels for persons under indictment or as representatives of civil plaintiffs, defendants, and victims in criminal cases and as representatives of the parties or other participants in civil cases. In some cases, legislation provides for the mandatory participation of an advocate in the proceedings—for instance, in all cases of crimes committed by minors. In cases of crimes of minors or of persons whose physical or mental handicaps prevent them from exercising their right of defense, an advocate may act as defense counsel from the moment the charge is made. In all other cases, he may do so from the moment the defendant has been informed of the completion of the preliminary investigation. The colleges of advocates may conclude agreements with institutions, enterprises, organizations, and kolkhozes on conducting cases for them in courts and arbitration tribunals.

An advocate is obligated to use all the methods and techniques of defense specified by law to bring out the circumstances that might lead to the acquittal of the defendant or to the mitigation of his responsibility and to render all necessary help to the defendant. An advocate does not have the right to withdraw from a case he has assumed or to divulge information that he has received in the process of rendering legal assistance.

In the USSR, advocates’ services are accessible to the population, thanks to a wide network of legal consultation offices and the low fees for services. In many cases, legal assistance is rendered free of charge: in labor cases, in cases on collecting alimony, and in preparing various statements for disabled persons of the first and second groups, for enlisted men, and others. Oral information is also rendered free. The presidium of the college of advocates or the manager of a legal consultation office may also waive the fee for other types of legal aid, depending on the financial situation of the person who has asked for legal help.

In contrast to bourgeois states, there is no private law practice in the USSR and other socialist countries. Every advocate must be a member of the college of advocates, through which he receives all cases or other commissions to render legal assistance. In the USSR, all advocates have equal rights and can plead in any court. There is no division of advocates into higher and lower categories such as existed in prerevolutionary Russia (sworn attorney and private attorney, the latter allowed to plead only in a lower court) or such as still exists in Britain (barrister and solicitor) and in France (avocat and avoué).



1. a person who pleads his client's cause in a court of law
2. Scots Law the usual word for barrister
References in periodicals archive ?
An advocator of traditional Assamese culture, Jagannth Mahanta, said that people are getting attracted to Bhaona.
PEM physician not only works within the premises of Emergency Department, but he acts as a counselor, advocator and social worker.
I am not an advocator of former glory but the Prophet (peace be upon him) is not somebody of the past to us.
Gabriel is depicted as both a postcolonial appropriator of mitered cultural artifacts and also as a tireless promoter and advocator on the part of marginalized musical cultures.
Qassem depicted Lieberman as a main advocator of Zionism and the Israeli entity, and said that the latter's visit to the borders with Syria was doubtful and unjustified.
Further, Adam Smith, even though he was a strong advocator of laissez faire, he recognized the usefulness of government's role in protecting rights (Smith, 1776).
Popular, enthusiastic, charitable and an advocator of the complete student experience, Aston's optics society President for 2011/12 Zain Nathu has made a real difference in her first-year.
Gul said "Mavi Marmara" fleet was the advocator of fundamental human rights and particularly the goals and rights backed by the EU, when responding to a question on the Israeli attack on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla in May 2010 that killed nine Turks.
According to the terms of the deal, VSD will work as global advocator of PMU especially in acquiring potential technology and equipments for the formulation of a college for the visually impaired and blind.
As per the deal, VSD will work as global advocator of PMU especially in acquiring potential technology and equipments for the formulation of a college for the visually impaired and blind.
Judges described him as a passionate advocator for young people who believed in the power of education to change lives and said he was universally loved and admired in the community.