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(ârō`biks), [Gr.,=with oxygen], system of endurance exercises that promote cardiovascular fitness by producing and sustaining an elevated heart rate for a prolonged period of time, thereby pumping an increased amount of oxygen-rich blood to the muscles being used. Such aerobic activities as running, swimming, and cycling can improve the body's use of oxygen, thereby allowing the heart to work less strenuously. Major Kenneth H. Cooper, a physician, pioneered the field with Aerobics (1968), which outlined fitness programs based on his study of 50,000 U.S. Air Force men and women. Since the 1980s, the term has indicated a specific type of physical fitness routine that involves a fast-paced series of exercises usually performed to the accompaniment of music. Variations include aerobic dance, jazz dance exercise, step aerobics, and low-impact aerobics. Aerobics has become one of the most popular forms of physical exercise in the United States, spawning growing memberships in exercise clubs and creating a large commercial market that includes celebrity exercise videotapes and aerobic gear.


See P. Malfetone and M. Mantell, The High Performance Heart (1991).

References in periodicals archive ?
Kgosi Puleng said that fitness activities such as aerobics could also act as entertainment, and had the potential to curb the rural-urban migration in search of entertainment.
The mean post intervention scores of weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and Waist-hip ratio following 3 weeks and 6 weeks of dance aerobics was lower than the mean pre intervention score (P < 0.
In addition, we designed questionnaire for the application of network in aerobics in normal colleges and carried out validity test by consulting 10 professionals.
But for the water aerobics group, only one in three women asked for painkillers.
In the comparative analysis of perceived BI, ideal BI, and body image satisfaction (BISL), there were no significant differences between the women who practiced water aerobics and those who did not (P=0.
With an expected completion date of summer 2014, guests may obtain the latest updates on the Cooper Hotel renovation on the Cooper Aerobics Facebook page.
We were taught that the aerobics help us to get rid of the dirty particles.
Some embassy officials in Doha, such as those from Kenya, have expressed willingness to join the aerobics sessions.
The school holds another outdoor aerobics session today with pupils aged, seven to 11 to raise funds for NSPCC which includes Child Line.
HD can stand for a lot of things when Aerobics Oz Style is on - Hot Damsels, Horny Devils, Happy Days, Heart Destruction, etc.
Dinaz Vervetwala (Centre) World Record Holder in Aerobics and Director Dinaz's along with Actress Ira.
THE aerobics instructor yells, "Lighters in the air", as we all pretend to wave our imaginary Zippos.