affect

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affect

Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas

Affect

 

an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.

A. N. LEONT’EV

affect

[′af‚ekt]
(psychology)
Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
References in periodicals archive ?
These support personnel need to be able to calmly and effectively work with affected individuals and the adjusters to make this difficult experience as seamless and easy as possible.
The stop-loss order is being implemented across active duty, the Air Force Ready Reserve and the Air National Guard for affected career fields in the ranks of airman through colonel, the Air Force said.
The feet and legs are likely to be affected before the hands and arms.
It is important to note, however, that the city does not automatically guarantee tax savings if an owner proves that his buildings have been affected.
11 and 24, whether or not taxpayers were affected by the attacks.
The provincial government sources said that all the available resources have been mobilized to rescue and provide relief to the affected people in the rain and flood hit areas.
Therefore, the main purpose of this research was to ascertain if teachers with dyslexia and dyscalculia perceive that their learning disabilities have affected their adult lives, including their teaching.
The Gulf Opportunity Zone Act of 2005 provides significant tax relief to those who were affected by hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Wilma.
It can be shown that the physical relaxation is affected by the rate and extent of deformation and has a time dependency that varies with temperature.
Those affected by Hurricane Katrina may call the IRS at (866) 562-5227, M-F, from 7 am to 10 pro, local time, for assistance (7 am to 10 pm PST if in Alaska or Hawaii).